past-simplesimple-past-tense

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Past Simple/Simple Past Tense
Meaning
The Past Simple describes actions
which happened in the past and are
finished often with dates, time, and
words like yesterday, last, ago.
•Form/Pattern
Subject + Verb(2)
•Time Signal
Yesterday
Last …
… ago
The examples of Simple Past Tense
a. Positive Sentences
a. We stayed overnight at my uncle’s
house in Kuala Lumpur
b. My brother and I spent most of our
time entertaining ourselves at the
recreation center
b. Negative Sentences
We did not stay overnight at my
uncle house in Kuala Lumpur
My brother and I did not spend most
of our time entertaining ourselves
at the recreation center
c. Interrogative Sentences
Did you stay overnight at your uncle’s
house last holiday?
Where did you and your brother spend
most of your time during your holiday in
Genting?
Verbs change in Simple Past Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Verbs
stay – stayed
go – went
listen – listened
spend – spent
play – played
leave – left
need – needed
take – took
study – studied
write – wrote
Read these questions and answer them !
5.
Father: Did dina read a novel in her room?
Mother: No, she didn’t
Father: What did she do there?
Mother: She … a letter.
a. write
b. writes
c. wrote
d. will write
Depdiknas U1/C2/K
2001/2002
6.
The announcer said that
Indonesia … in attaining gold
medal for badminton and tennis at
the 1990 Asian Games.
a. won
b. beat
c. defeated
d. succeeded
7.
Asma: Where were you last night? I
did not see you at the library.
Aliyah: I … to a wedding party with my
parents.
a.
b.
c.
d.
go
went
will go
was going
Language Function
Offering something
When we offer something to someone else,
we can use these expression:
How to offer
Would you like….?
Let me ….
Shall I ….
Accepting/Declining
Yes, please/No, thanks
That would be nice/No
Thanks/No, thank you
Read this conversation and answer
the questions!
8. Santi: My friend and I are planning to go
to the zoo.
Hana: Really! When?
Santi: Next week … ?
Hana: No, thanks. I will accompany my
mother to my grandmother’s house
a.
b.
c.
d.
Would you like to come with us
Have you ever been there
Did you go there
Do you go there
Ujicoba EBTANAS Bahasa Inggris 2000
9.
Randy:
Imran:
Randy:
I’m thirsty.
Shall I get you something
to drink?
Yes, that would be nice.
Thanks
Randy is showing his ….
a. Acceptance to an offering
b. Request to an offering
c. Rejecting to an offering
d. Declining an offering
Adapted from Tes Ujicoba Ujian Akhir
Nasional 2003
SIMPLE PAST TENSE
Simple past tense digunakan
untuk menunjukkan suatu
kejadian, peristiwa atau keadaan
yang terjadi pada waktu lampau.
The children enjoyed the party last night.
His father died when he was ten years old.
Simple past tense menggunakan
keterangan waktu lampau.
Keterangan waktu yang sering digunakan
dalam simpel past tense adalah:
Yesterday
Yesterday morning
Yesterday afternoon
Yesterday evening
Yesterday night
Last
Last night
Last week
Last month
Last year
Last Saturday
Last Summer
Last Winter
Ago
Five days ago
Three days ago
Six months ago
Three years ago
a/one month ago
Bentuk kata lampau beraturan
(regular past form)
Kata kerja beraturan (regular verb)
dibentuk dengan menambahkan akhiran
“d/ed” pada kata kerja pertama (infinitive).
Jika kata kerja berakhiran huruf “d” atau “t”,
akhiran “ed” diucapkan “id”.
Contoh
• John wanted to see the manager last
week.
• I needed your help to settle the
problem.
Bentuk lampau tidak beraturan
(irregular past form)
Kata kerja yang tidak beraturan
(irregular verb) tidak dibentuk dengan
menambahkan akhiran “d/ed” pada kata
kerja. Kata kerja tidak beraturan
mempunyai bentuk tersendiri
Contoh
• I bought this English dictionary last
week.
• She left for America last night.
Kalimat tanya
(interrogative statement)
Dibentuk dengan menempatkan kata
bantu “did” di depan kalimat. Dalam
kalimat tanya, kata bantu “did” berarti
“apakah”dan kata kerjanya kembali ke
dalam bentuk pertama (infinitive).
Contoh
• Did you buy this dictionary at a
bookstore?
Apakah kamu membeli kamus
ini di toko buku?
Kalimat menyangkal
(negative statement)
Kalimat menyangkal (negative
statement) dibentuk dengan
menambahkan “not” sesudah “did”
(did not/ didn’t) dan ditempatkan
sesudah subjek kalimat.).
• Sama halnya dengan kalimat tanya,
dalam kalimat menyangkal kata
kerjanya kembali ke dalam bentuk
pertama (infinitive)
Contoh
• I did not/ didn’t see him at the party last
night
Saya tidak melihatnya di pesta tadi
malam.
Simple past tense juga digunakan
untuk menanyakan waktu
terjadinya suatu kejadian atau
peristiwa.
When did you buy this new car?
Simple past tense dengan Was/ Were
Contoh kalimat
1. I was in Bandung last week
2. You were in Bandung yesterday
3. Mr. Wibowo was in Bandung two days
ago.
4. They were in Bandung last night.
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