Uploaded by User13435

BAB I

advertisement
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND
Studied practice in structure make students more understand in forms,
positions, and other parts of word in english. It can help us when we will make a
written teks, improve our skills and build our knolledge about english. Structure is
important so that we must learn it and not do a mistakes. Learn everything for
details from the core to make perfection in our english.
Grammar and structure are important things in english. We must
understanding well about verb, adjective, adverb, noun, pronoun, prepossition etc.
In these report i will explain about causative verb. Definition, forms and all about
causative verb. Discuss and sharing to increase our knowledge especially in
structure and grammar. Make us can identiffy if our structure in english is wrong
so that we can improve be better.
As is known that the Causative verb shows someone or something indirectly
responsible for an action. The subject does not do the action itself, but instead
causes someone or something else to do it. (Causative verbs are used to indicate
one person causes the true causative verbs are: have, get and make).Actually this
causative verb is the same as said command verb.
1.2 PROBLEM FORMULATION
Based on the background above, we formulate among others, as follows:
a. What are Understanding Causative Verb?
b. Explain What the Causative Verb formula?
c. How to use Causative verb in the form of Passive and Active?
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE PAPER
a. To Understand Causative Verb is
b. To Understand how tenses’s change in Causative Verb is
1
CHAPTER II
DISCUSSION
2.1 DEFINITION CAUSATIVE VERB
Causative verbs are verbs that are used to indicate that the subject is not
directly responsible for the action that occurred but someone or something else
who did the action.Causative verbs (have, get, make, force, let, allow, permit,
help, cause, enable, require, etc.) are used to express that subject sentences cause
object sentences to do an action (active form) or cause object sentences to be
subject to a action (passive form). In active form, action is carried out by object
sentences. Causative verbs are used to indicate that one person causes a second
person to do something for the first person.
The causative are :
-
Have
Menyuruh, meminta,
-
Get
Menyebabkan, memaksa,
-
Make
Membuat
2.2 CAUSATIVE VERB FORMULA
Sentences Causative Verbs are divided into 2 types, namely active and
passive. In the phrase active causative verbs, the agent working on the action is
known. Conversely, in the sentence passive causative verbs, the agent is usually
not mentioned. The functions and formulas in general are as follows:
2
Verb
Fungsi
Rumus Active & Passive
Causative
Let
Membiarkan seseorang
Active:
melakukan sesuatu.
S+let+agent+action
verb(bare infinitive)+…
Make Memaksa atau sangat
Have
Get
Active:
menyakinkan seseorang untuk
S+(make-made)+agent+action
melakukan sesuatu.
verb(bare infinitive)+…
Memberikan wewenang kepada
Active:
seseorang untuk melakukan
S+(have-had)+agent+action
sesuatu;
verb(bareinfinitive)+object
ingin sesuatu dilakukan oleh
Passive:
seseorang;
S+(have-had)+object+action
pengalaman.
verb(V-3)
Membujuk seseorang untuk
Active:
melakukan sesuatu.
S+(get-got)+agent+action
verb(to infinitive)+…
Passive:
S+(got)+object+action verb(V3)
2.3 CAUSATIVE VERB IN ACTIVE ANN PASSIVE STRUCTURES
The Example Causative Verb In the Active and passive structure, among
others, are:
Rumus
Verbs
Contoh Causative Verbs
Active
have-had
Lala had her friend take her result test.
Causative
The student had the teacher speakslowly.
Verbs
get-got
She got her parents to buy her a tennis racket.
The boy got his cat to chase a mouse.
3
make-
The woman made her daughter eat up the
made
tomatoes.
The manager makes her staff workhard.
Let
My father lets me choose my own future
carrier.
The shepherd lets his sheep graze in the
meadow.
Passive
have-had
I had my house renovated last week.
Causative
He had his book returned as soon as
Verbs
possible.
get-got
Teddy got the money saved in the bank.
Yulia got her bedroom cleaned.
2.4 HAVE/GET(Active)
a. The Pattern Get (Active)
S + get + object (complement) + verb to invinitive
(any tense)
(usually person)
(to + V1)
Examples :
1. Marry gets John to wash the car (simple present)
2. Marry got John to wash the car (past tense)
3. Marry is getting John to wash the car (present continuous)
b. The Pattern Have (Active)
S + have + object (complement) + verb
(any tense)
(usually person)
(V1)
Examples :
1. I had my friend repair my handphone (past tense).
2. I have my friend repair my handphone (simple present).
3. I am getting my friend repair my handphone (present continuous).
4
2.5 HAVE/GET (PASSIVE)
a. The Pattern Have and Get Passive
S + Have/Get + Object (complement) + verb in pastparticiple
(any tense)
(usually thing)
(V3)
Examples :
1. James has/get his shirts cleaned at the drycleaners.
2. Pat is having/is getting her car repaired this week.
3. Anna had/got her paper typed by a friend.
2.6 MAKE (ONLY FOR ACTIVE)
Make → can be followed only by a clause in the active voice. It is stronger
than have or get. It means force.
a. The Pattern Make/Force
S + Make + object(complement) + verb in simple form
(any tense)
V1
S + Force + object (complement) + verb in Infinitive
(any tense)
(to + V1)
Examples :
1. The teacher always makes the children stay in their class.
2. The teacher always forces the children to stay in their class.
3. The manager made the salesmen attend the conference.
4. The manager forced the salesmen to attend the conference.
5. The president is making his cabinet members sign this document.
6. The president is forcing his cabinet members to sign this document.
5
2.7 LET
Let
→→
is
not
actually
causative,
it
means
allow
or
permit
(mengizinkan/membiarkan)
a. The Pattern Let/Permit/Allow
S + Let + Object (complement) + Verb in simple form
(any tense)
V1
S + Permit + Object (complement) + Verb in infinitive
(any tense)
(to + V1)
Examples :
1. John let his daughter swim with her best friend.
2. John permitted/allowed his daughter to swim with her best friend.
3. Dr. Jones is letting the students hand in the papers.
4. Dr. Jones is permitting/allowed the students to hand in the papers.
2.8 HELP
Help →→ is not actually causative, it means assist (membantu)
a. The Pattern Of Help
S + Help + Object (complement) + Verb 1 / Verb to Invinitive
(any tense)
(V1 / to infi)
Examples :
1. John helped Mary wash dishes.
2. The teacher helped Andri find the research materials.
6
CHAPTER III
CONCLUSION
3.1 CONCLUSION
Causative Verbs are used to indicate that one person causes another person to
do something for them. Causative verbs are verbs that are used to indicate that the
subject is not directly responsible for the action that occurred but someone or
something else who did the action
3.2 SUGGEST
In Causative Verb we should be inclined to inclusion with matters relating to
causative verb can make us.
7
REFERENCE
Alwasilah, A.Chaedar, Kaji Ulang Bahasa Inggris,Bandung: Angkasa, 1993.
Drs. Nur Akhlis. 1993. LET’S STUDY ENGLISH, BEC Pare Kediri.
Thomson, A. J. and A.V. Martinet. 2003. A Practical English Grammar, Oxford
University Press.
8
Download
Random flashcards
Rekening Agen Resmi De Nature Indonesia

9 Cards denaturerumahsehat

Rekening Agen Resmi De Nature Indonesia

9 Cards denaturerumahsehat

Nomor Rekening Asli Agen De Nature Indonesia

2 Cards denaturerumahsehat

Secuplik Kuliner Sepanjang Danau Babakan

2 Cards oauth2_google_2e219703-8a29-4353-9cf2-b8dae956302e

Card

2 Cards

Create flashcards