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The Effect of Deep Breath Relaxation on Decreasing Chest Pain in NSTEMI Patients in the
ICCU Room at the Klungkung District Hospital
Ni Wayan Sukrimi1, Ns. Ni Komang
Sukraandini, S.Kep., MNS2, Anak
Agung Gde Oka Widana, SPd.H.,
NSTEMI is part of Acute Coronary
Syndrome with typical symptoms
of persistent retrosternal chest
pain such as pressure from heavy
objects. This disease is the
main cause of all deaths in
developing countries, including
Indonesia. Handling chest pain
in addition to using
pharmacological therapy, can
also be treated with non-
pharmacological therapy, one of
which is deep breathing
relaxation. Deep breathing
relaxation can reduce chest pain
through the mechanism of
relaxing the muscles that
experience spasm caused by
prostaglandins, resulting in
vasodilation which increases
blood supply to tissues that
experience spasm or ischemia.
The aim of this study was to
determine the effect of deep
breath relaxation on reducing
chest pain in NSTEMI patients.
This type of research is preexperimental with one group pretest post-test design. The
number of samples is 10 people
with purposive sampling. Data
collection using the Numerical
Rating Scale pain scale. The
results showed that the average
scale of chest pain before being
given deep breath relaxation was
4.2, while after being given
breathing relaxation the average
pain scale was 1.5. Deep
breathing relaxation performed 2
times a day for 3 days with a
duration of 5-15 minutes can
reduce chest pain as evidenced
by the results of the Wilcoxon
test analysis obtained p value =
0.004 (α = 0.05), which means
that p value <0.05, so that
there is an effect of deep
breathing relaxation on reducing
chest pain in NSTEMI patients in
the ICCU Room at the Klungkung
District Hospital. The research
conducted by the authors found
that deep breathing relaxation
can reduce the chest pain scale
on average 2-3 scales lower than
the previous chest pain scale.
Key words: deep breath
relaxation, chest pain, NSTEMI