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Agricultural Problems

Agricultural Problems
Food is a basic need for humans. One of the food sources comes from agricultural and
plantation products. Indonesia, which is an agricultural country, should be able to supply
agricultural and plantation commodities to the international community. Or at least capable of
realizing the country's food sovereignty. In addition, it is hoped that the state will be able to create
a modern, efficient agricultural system and the state has also been able to guarantee the welfare of
the farmers. However, in reality the condition of agriculture in Indonesia is still very behind when
compared to other agricultural countries. The depletion of land, the existence of agrarian conflicts,
an ancient agricultural system, and the lack of interest in the younger generation to become farmers
are serious problems currently facing Indonesia.
A serious problem in agriculture that is currently facing Indonesia is land reduction. The
reduction of land that is happening in Indonesia at this time is largely the result of the development
that is being intensively carried out by the government. Whether it's development in industry,
housing, or even in infrastructure. With reduced land, the amount of domestic agricultural
production will decrease. In addition, if an area that was originally an agricultural area is used as
an industrial area, it will cause other problems, namely the damage to the surrounding environment
due to the waste products of production tools used by industry. This is also exacerbated by the lack
of awareness by some parties about the importance of sustainable development for the Indonesian
Realizing this, nowadays many people are starting to reject the conversion of land from
agricultural areas to industrial areas. However, many of the people who reject the development of
industrial estates are criminalized or have received violence from certain individuals. This problem
is often referred to as agrarian conflict. One of the current agrarian conflicts is in Kulon Progo,
Yogyakarta Special Region. In Kulon Progo since 2017, some local residents and farmers have
rejected the government's plan to build an international airport in their area. The conflict did not
only involve farmers and PT Angkasa Pura I, but also involved the police and military. It is not
uncommon for violence to occur in these agrarian conflicts. Another example of agrarian conflict
in Indonesia is the conflict over the establishment of a cement factory in Kendeng which resulted
in the death of an activist named Patmi mother.
Another problem that becomes the government's homework is the agricultural system in
Indonesia which is still very conventional. The majority of farmers in Indonesia still use traditional
methods in cultivating their agricultural land. In addition, agricultural policies in Indonesia are
also felt to be less supportive of farmers. When compared to Thailand and Vietnam, Indonesia can
be said to have lost badly in the field of agricultural policy and technology. In Vietnam the
government guarantees that farmers will definitely get a profit of at least 30 percent of the total
production cost. Meanwhile, Thailand already has 27 rice research centers which aim to create
superior seeds that have better quality and durability than ordinary rice seeds.
With the depletion of land and the lack of government attention in agriculture, it is not
surprising that the interest of the younger generation to become farmers is decreasing from time to
time. Apart from that, the assumption that being a farmer cannot guarantee a prosperous life is also
one of the factors triggering this problem. Indeed, we cannot refute this assumption at this time.
Considering that the price of agricultural commodities is very unstable and there is no guarantee
that the harvest will always be satisfactory and can cover the planting capital is a reality that exists
in society.
The problem in agriculture has become a classic problem in Indonesia. It is time for the
government to take concrete action to overcome this problem so that the nation's aspiration to
realize food sovereignty can be achieved again. And so that there will be no more reason for the
younger generation to say proudly that they aspire to become a farmer.