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Final Exam

1. Conventional business ethics is a set of values about good, bad, right,
and misunderstanding in the business world based on the principles of
morality in general to run good business and can produce benefits that
are the goals of business in the framework of meeting needs. specialized
study of right and wrong morals. This study concentrates on moral
standards as applied in policies, institutions, and business behavior.
Business ethics itself has several levels, there are Individual,
Organizational, and System levels. The weakness of this conventional
business ethics is to make business people heed ethics. Moral values that
are in line with business ethics, such as tolerance, loyalty, trust, equality,
and emotions that must be held by business people who are less
successful. While successful business people hold immoral business
principles, for example profit maximization, aggressiveness,
individuality, the spirit of marriage. This is what makes it important for
business people to implement business ethics in Islam.
2. -Principles of Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism states that it is very important that morality which guides
a person can be determined only based on the consequences of his
behavior. An action is called ethical if it gives th e greatest benefit or
benefit to most people. Utilitarianism determines the ethical nature of
future actions by weighing their losses and benefits. This can be seen in
the most basic approach to microeconomics of western business ethics.
- Principles of Universalism
Unlike the utilitarian view which emphasizes aspects of the outcome of a
decision, universalism focuses on the purpose of a decision or action.
This principle has several key categories:
1] A person must choose to act, only if he is willing to g ive everyone the
opportunity on earth in the same situation to make the same decision and
act the same way.
2] others must be treated as goals, not merely as a means to an end.
-Principles of Rights
The right to ethics approach emphasizes a single value, f reedom.
Decisions or actions are considered ethical if they are based on
individual rights that guarantee freedom of choice. It can be understood
that each individual has the right (freedom) to determine his own destiny.
3. CSR is a concept in which a compan y decides voluntarily to make a
better contribution to a clean society and environment. A concept in
which companies integrate social and environmental care in their
business operations and in their interactions with interested parties
voluntarily. To realize the right CSR, a company must know what
impacts it has on the social and environmental sustainability of a
company's industry. As an example of PT. Freeport Indonesia mines,
processes and explores ore containing copper, gold and silver. Operating
in high altitude areas in Mimika Regency, Papua Province, Indonesia.
Teach the community as a form of environmental awareness regarding
the implementation of a sustainable nature program which is the result of
collaboration with the Mimika Office of Education & Culture (P&K),
Mimika's Environmental Management Agency (BLH), Jayawijaya
Education Foundation (YPJ) and Contractors. The Alam Lestari Program
aims to build awareness and knowledge about the environment, create
environmental awareness and find environmental ambassadors for the
Mimika Regency. As part of the environmental preservation program,
especially flora and fauna.
4. Business ethics in Islam is not merely to achieve a profit and self-interest, but also
to reach spiritual satisfaction that is closely related to social satisfaction of the
wider community. Therefore, halal various ways to get as much profit as possible
while harming other parties is not the type of economy that is developed and
promoted by Islam
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