Group 1 Weather Related Problem Every year thousands of people die, due to weather related problems. It can happen in both winter and in summer. Let’s examine the causes for a moment. The year 2003 was a time of extreme cold in the winter. Extreme, that is by European standards. In Britain alone, the number of people who died from cold-related illnesses was described as ‘shameful’. Nearly twenty-five thousand people died from illnesses such as strokes, heart attacks, bronchitis, flu and pneumonia. In the summer of t he same year, around twenty-three thousand people died in Europe due to the sizzling temperatures. France was particulary badly hit, with nearly fifteen thousand death which were related to the sweltering heat. In Britain, the number of heat-related death was much lower than the number of winter deaths. It is important to note that government need to give some advices to people on how to protect their health. (Adapted from [email protected]) Group 2 Building Strong Relationship Since building Indonesian nation in 1945, Indonesia shared a positive and friendly relationship with Australia. In 1947 Australia supported Indonesia’s struggle for independence by placing embargos on Dutch supplies, arms and troops. Australian dock workers went on strike and significant numbers of Australians demonstrated in the streets in support of Indonesian independence. The Dutch were unable to ship supplies through Australian ports during this period. Much of the support Australians gave to Indonesians was based on the friendship that developed between Australian soldiers and the Indonesia people at the end of the Second World War. There was also a strong anti-imperialist mood among some sections of the Australian population at that time. It is significant for Indonesia and Asian neighbors to strengthen the relationship. Group 3 Men Sana In Corpore Sano The term “Men sana in corpore sano” means that a healthy body makes a sound mind. More and more people nowadays are aware of the truth behind the maxim. As a result, they make sports an integral part of their lives. Some people participate in sports to release energy and tension, while others do it to make friends. Sports, such as soccer, basketball or boxing, have become an acceptable way to release energy and aggression. Other sport like golf, mountain climbing, dancing or bowling can be means of starting or consolidating friendships. Most sports offer a constructive escape from the pressures of the everyday life. In fact, you can change your life if you take up and keep up an activity suited to your character, abilities and lifestyle. It is important to realize that no matter what kind of exercise you do, you can be sure that it’s always good for your health and that it’s fun. Group 4 Garbage Service need Improvement There have been many complaints recently about the ABC garbage collection service. The official department has agreed that the service needs improvement. But nothing has been done! In some streets the garbage is collected only once a month because the workmen are not supervised. In other streets, collection in more frequent but half of the garbage is left in the road. The workmen are too lazy to pick it up and put it in the trucks. In some parts of the colony, house-holders are dumping their garbage on the waste land. This is dangerous and an unhealthy to do. These `dumps’ may catch fire and they will certainly attract rats and flies. It is the duty of the official department to collect all the garbage efficiently and regularly. Group 5 The Problem of Being Too Fat Being too fat is commonly known as overweight or obesity. It is simply defined as too much body fat inside. Overweight potentially leads high risk of health problem. Being too fat is recognized as a major factor for heart disease. Due to the overweight, the heart will work harder. It can lead to the heart attack. Furthermore, obesity potentially rises blood cholesterol and blood pressure. In addition, being too fat can change the amount of sugar in the blood. This will cause diabetes and other serous disease. Beside all of that, being too fat is often avoided by many young women. They said that becoming too fat will bother their physical beauty appearance. Group 6 Is Smoking Good for Us? Before we are going to smoke, it is better to look at the fact. About 50 thousands people die every year in Britain as direct result of smoking. This is seven times as many as die in road accidents. Nearly a quarter of smokers die because of diseases caused by smoking. Ninety percent of lung cancers are caused by smoking. If we smoke five cigarettes a day, we are six times more likely to die of lung cancer than a non smoker. If we smoke twenty cigarettes a day, the risk is nineteen greater. Ninety five percent of people who suffer of bronchitis are people who are smoking. Smokers are two and half times more likely to die of heart disease than non smokers. Additionally, children of smoker are more likely to develop bronchitis and pneumonia. In one hour in smoky room, non smoker breathes as much as substance causing cancer as if he had smoked fifteen cigarettes. Smoking is really good for tobacco companies because they do make much money from smoking habit. Smoking however is not good for every body else. Group 7 Why Exercise Is Important The majority of us claim that we do not have time for exercise. We feel too busy to do that. However, many expert said that exercise has great role in making our body healthy Being physically active offers many advantage. In physical reword, exercise can reduce weight then our body will become fitter. Exercise is also believed to reduce stress levels, improve sleep patterns, and reduce the risk of heart disease, diabetes and some forms of cancer. Beside physical advantage, exercise also brings good effects mentally. Due to the fitter body, exercise can make us feel refreshed and happy then we can increase our life quality and expectancy. How can we do exercise while we are busy? Such question is commonly found among us. Actually exercise can be done in simple ways. We can go walking while shopping. In the office we can take stair rather than lift to run up and down. Or we can go cycling while enjoy the leisure time. Over all, doing exercise is little bit difficult in busy life but the little bit of exercise will help better. Group 8 The Unhealthy Fast Food ast food nowadays is considered a normal eating venture. People are not just eating out on special occasions or weekends anymore. It means that all the time they mostly eat fast foods. However is fast food good for health? Fast food has its popularity in the 1940’s. Within a few years, fast-food operations popped up everywhere. With the compelling rise in fast-food restaurants since the 1940’s, oddly it started the rise in obesity and cancer during that same time period. Fast food is highly processed with a wide array of additives. To ensure fast food’s low cost, the fast food products are made with highly-processed ingredients to give it shelf-life, to hold consistency, and to enhance flavor. Fast food is altered from its original healthy form. It is not the calories in fast food which damage health and waistline. It is the chemical additives such as aspartame and MSG (monosodium glutamate). Studies show that the chemical additives lead to weight and disease issues. Group 9 Air Pollution Dangers Air pollution affects so much more than just the air we breathe. Everything living has a need for clean, breathable air, from humans and animals, to plants and trees. These needs make fighting air pollution a major priority for everyone, to help heal and protect our planet and future. Air pollution is a common issue among large cities, anywhere in the world. High volumes of traffic, large industrial areas, and dense concentrations of people all contribute to the amount of pollution in the area. The effects of air pollution reach around the globe, wreak havoc on people, plants, and animals. Changes to air and water quality create dangerous and even deadly situations. Here are just a few of the dangers of air pollution. o Breathing polluted air can cause damage to the heart and lungs. Similar to the effects of smoking tobacco, inhaling the particles in polluted air can cause people and animals to develop heart and lung disease that could eventually prove fatal. o Those with certain medical conditions may find that high levels of air pollution aggravate their symptoms. People with asthma, allergies, and diseases resulting in breathing problems are usually the worst affected. o Plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen as their “breathing” process. When pollutants are present in the air, plant life will breathe these particles in, as well. This causes serious problems within the cells of the plant, resulting in poor growth and possibly death or the plant. o The residue from the chemicals and pollution in the air deposits itself onto plants, preventing necessary photosynthesis from taking place. Without the ability to receive proper sunlight, plants quickly discolor and die. o The moisture in the atmosphere picks up the dangerous chemicals and pollutants in the air, creating even further problems for the environment. The resulting acid rain can find its way into ground water and other waterways, creating a dangerous situation for plants, animals and humans alike. Air pollution contributes to water and soil pollution that can be disastrous for all living creatures. Group 10 Organic Food – The Benefits of Natural and Organic Produce Having spent most of my life living off of junk food, I was pretty shocked when I started learning about what goes into the produce we consume every day from the grocery store. Most of the produce you would buy at the grocery store has been genetically modified to be more appealing to the customer. But, evidence suggests that genetically modified food can be harmful to your health. There are very few regulations on genetically modified food, and there aren’t any long term studies on how they affect human health. About 70% of the food you pick up at the grocery has been genetically modified. Also, there are many types of insecticides used on produce, that are potentially harmful to your health. Farmers, nowadays, do not use the proper crop rotation when growing their produce. Crop rotation means: The successive planting of different crops on the same land to improve soil fertility and help control insects and diseases. The by-product of no crop rotation is that food in general is much less nutritious and raises a need for more insecticides to be used. To avoid the health risks that can be associated with eating food that has been genetically modified, has been treated with pesticides and does not use proper crop rotation, eat organic food. Organic food has been proven to contain sometimes 2-3 times the nutrients that conventional produce has. And with so little research available on this subject, who know how many other ways conventional produce is damaging to our health. How many other ways could organic food be better for us? If you don’t believe it, try it. When I first began learning about organic food and the differences between it and conventional food, I went to a health food store and bought a bunch or organic produce. I couldn’t believe the difference in taste. The tomatoes I had bought in the grocery store had very little flavor and could only be used as an ingredient in a dish, definitely not something you would want to eat plain. But, the organic tomatoes I bought, I found myself just sitting down and eating plain. They actually had a garden fresh flavor to them. Usually when I would buy fruit, it would sit and rot on the table until I threw it away. It just never sounded good. Now, when I buy organic fruit, I can hardly keep myself from snacking on it all day. It just tastes so much better and healthier. I have definitely noticed a difference in the way I feel after switching to eating mostly organic food. I have more energy. I crave healthier food. I feel more satisfied when I eat. I don’t crave junk food or sugary snacks anymore. I know other people too, who have noticed the same effects from switching to an organic diet. Group 11 The Wonderful Health Benefits of Drinking Water Water is essential to good health. Drinking it helps to rid the body of toxins while delivering essential nutrients to our cells. It aids in digestion and keeps our bodies hydrated. Eight glasses of water per day should be your goal. Not only will this help to flush contaminates from your body, water will also fill your stomach up without adding calories. Drinking water with your meals is a great way to cut down on extra calories and will help you to lose weight quicker. If you don’t like to drink water or find it boring and tasteless, unsweetened tea is of course a healthy substitute. A squeeze of lemon to your water or to your tea, is a terrific way to add flavor without additional calories, too. It is important, especially when you exercise to keep your body well hydrated. Drinking water while exercising helps to regulate the body’s temperature through the sweat glands. As we sweat our body cools down. By keeping ourselves properly hydrated, we keep this vital process working at its best. You can usually tell if you have been drinking enough water by the color of your urine. Unless you are taking vitamins that are high in iron, your urine should be lightly colored. Iron tends to make the urine darker. When you are properly hydrated, the water leaving your body in the way of urine should be almost clear. Drinking enough water each day will improve the function of your kidneys, too. By aiding in digestion, and speeding up the way your body processes food, an ample amount of water will actually speed up the metabolism, making weight loss easier and longer lasting. Water stimulates the circulation of blood and regulates your skin’s natural balance. It helps to revitalize, detoxify and oxygenate the skin. Drinking plenty of water will help replace the moisture that your face loses through free radicals and other forms of stress in our everyday lives. Make a point to drink water as much as possible each day. Take water with you when you drive your car, watch television, curl up with a book, or sit outside with the kids. Aim for the goal of 8 glasses a day whenever possible. You’ll enjoy the many health benefits that drinking water provides. Group 12 Fitness Benefits of Biking Tied into the joy of biking are the fitness benefits of biking. Obesity is becoming a huge crisis in the United States and more than 40 percent of Americans are overweight. To combat the growing health crisis caused by obesity and being overweight doctors and other health experts are strongly encouraging people to rediscover the joys of physical activity. Since so many people are out of shape low impact exercises like biking are highly recommended for people who live sedentary or nearly sedentary lives as a way to get started on the path to fitness. Like any other physical activity there are different levels of biking that range from a simple bike ride to training for biking marathons but just like a journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step the journey to fitness begins with a bike ride around the block. For people who live in areas that don’t have bike-friendly streets or have predominantly bad weather many gyms and workout facilities have exercise bikes in a variety of different styles for their members to use. In the last decade spinning classes, or guided cycling classes that combine the benefits of an intense aerobic workout with the benefits of cycling can burn up to 500 calories in 40 minutes. Many gyms offer spinning classes free for members. Spinning is not appropriate for beginning bikers because it can be very intense but people who want to increase their fitness and want an intense workout may really like spinning. Biking is a great workout for the entire body, especially the lower body. People who want to develop great muscle tone on their legs, back end and hips while trimming their waists and increasing their cardio vascular health should try biking. Biking regularly can significantly decrease a person’s risk for heart disease. Since heart disease is one of the biggest killers of Americans any activity that can decrease your risk of heart disease is something worth pursuing. Biking is a low-impact activity that doesn’t cause a lot of stress on joints so biking is a good exercise for people who may have limited range of motion or may not be able to handle an exercise like running which puts a lot of stress on the joints. Low impact activities like biking can also reduce cholesterol and can help lower blood pressure, which is a major health concern for millions of people. Bike riding can also reduce stress, and it’s been proven that managing stress is a key component when it comes to staying healthy. Biking has a lot of health and fitness benefits, even just short bike rides daily can make a noticeable difference in your health in a very short period of time. You don’t need to start out buying a fancy bike or any fancy equipment, just buy an all purpose bike and get outside and start riding. Taken from: http://www.adultbicycling.com/component/content/article/9-bicyclingbasics/16-fitness-benefits-of-biking.html Group 13 Danger of Smoking – How Cancer Will Ruin Your Health Whenever you buy a pack of cigarettes, I am sure that you get to read the government warning label. Can’t remember what that is? The government warning label is the sentence that says, “Cigarette smoking is dangerous to your health.” So what are the dangers of smoking? Cancer is a danger of smoking. Because of the known carcinogens and mutagens found in cigarettes and tobacco products, it is not a mystery how smoking causes cancer. Cancers of the oral cavity, laryngeal cancer, esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer, and lung cancer are just some examples. In the United States, 87% of lung cancer cases are linked to smoking. Lung cancer risk of secondhand smokers is increased by 20 to 30%. Another danger of smoking is its effects on the heart. Because nicotine causes narrowing of the blood vessels which leads to blockage, smokers are 5 times more at risk of suffering a heart attack. And nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke have increased risk of developing heart disease by 25 to 30%. Other diseases include stroke, peripheral vascular disease, and atherosclerosis. The immune system is also harmed by smoking. The risk of acquiring various infections like common colds, invasive pneumococcal disease, chronic bronchitis, and other pulmonary and respiratory infections is increased by smoking. If a smoker consumes 20 or more cigarettes a day, acquiring tuberculosis is increased by 2 to 4 times. Another danger of smoking is the likelihood of a miscarriage. It is discouraged for pregnant women to smoke because it deprives oxygen for the fetus. Smoking while pregnant can cause the infant to be born with low birth weight and small for gestational age. These could lead to more infant diseases like jaundice and breathing difficulty. Sudden infant death syndrome has also been linked to smoking while pregnant. Other dangers of smoking are the development of diseases such as chronic pulmonary disease, emphysema, asthma, allergies, and many others. All these dangers of smoking cause death. A smoker’s life expectancy is reduced by 2.5 to 10 years. And for each consumed cigarette, a smoker loses 11 minutes of his life! These facts are what made smoking as the second major cause of death worldwide. Group 14 The Dangerous of Using Drugs Everybody must pay attention of drugs. Drugs are very dangerous for us. Why it is very dangerous for us? Because its can caused harm to our body. In terms of health, many organs in our body can be harm because using drug. In general, the impact of using drug are can unconscious, make us hallucinate, can harm our nerve, and cause addictive effect. Beside that, using drugs can make the users depressed, liver disease, schizophrenia, blockage of blood vessels, dehydration, optic nerve damage, brain damage, and finally it can cause DEATH! When viewed in terms of Islamic law, drugs are forbidden. Because it is cause badness, self harm, debilitate. And Islam proscribes all that can cause badness, self harm because it is included zhalim. Also if we using drugs, it means we already do the forbidden things in Islam, it means we sin. So, in terms of Islamic law, using drugs also dangerous. Furthermore, if the users of drugs are teenagers, it can endanger their future, and endanger their homeland, their country. From the data, 32 percent of drugs users in Indonesia are teenagers, so, if many teenagers –in this case Indonesia- use drugs, it can be endanger this country, harm youth generation, whereas youths are nation expectation. If the youth using drugs, our nation can be destroy! So, from now on we must pay attention of drugs, because it’s very dangerous, both in terms of health, religion (Islam), nationality and state.