Uploaded by shintadhic

ppt COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT ing

advertisement
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Introduction
The greatest threat to many projects is a failure
to communicate.
Our culture does not portray IT professionals as
being good communicators.
BUT, research shows that IT professionals must
be able to communicate effectively to succeed in
their positions.
Strong verbal skills are a key factor in career
advancement for IT professionals.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 1
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Processes & Definitions
Communications planning: determining the
information and communications needs of the
stakeholders.
Information distribution: making needed
information available in a timely manner.
Performance reporting: collecting and
disseminating performance information.
Administrative closure: generating, gathering,
and disseminating information to formalize
phase or project completion.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 2
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Communications Planning
Every project should include a communications management
plan to guide project communications. A Communications
Management Plan should contain:

A description of a collection and filing structure for
gathering and storing various types of information

A distribution structure describing what information goes
to whom, when, and how

A format for communicating key project information

A project schedule for producing the information

Access methods for obtaining the information

A method for updating the communications management
plans as the project progresses and develops

A stakeholder communications analysis.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 3
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Sample Stakeholder Analysis for Project Communications
Stakeholders
Document Name
Document
Format
Contact Person Due
Customer
Management
Monthly Status
Report
Hard copy
Gail Feldman,
Tony Silva
First of month
Customer
Business Staff
Monthly Status
Report
Hard copy
Julie Grant,
First of month
Customer
Technical Staff
Monthly Status
Report
E-mail
Internal
Management
Monthly Status
Report
Hard copy
Bob Thomson
First of month
Internal
Business and
Technical Staff
Monthly Status
Report
Intranet
Angie Liu
First of month
Training
Subcontractor
Training Plan
Hard Copy
Jonathan Kraus
11/1/1999
Software
Subcontractor
Software
Implementation
Plan
E-mail
Barbara Gates
6/1/2000
CDU – School of Information Technology
Jeff Martin
Evan Dodge,
First of month
Nancy Michaels
Communications Management - Slide 4
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Information Distribution
Getting the right information to the right
people at the right time and in a useful format
is just as important as developing the information
in the first place.
Important considerations include:
 Using technology to enhance information
distribution.
 Formal and informal methods for distributing
information.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 5
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
What Went Wrong?
A well publicized example of misuse of e-mail comes from the
1998 Justice Department's high profile, antitrust suit against
Microsoft. E-mail emerged as a star witness in the case. Many
executives sent messages that should never have been put in
writing. The court used e-mail as evidence, even though the
senders of the notes said the information was being
interpreted out of context.
Some companies, such as Amazon.com, have established
policies to encourage employees to watch their use of e-mail
and delete it often. Their "Sweep and Clean" program
instructed employees to purge e-mails that were no longer
required for business or legal purposes. They even offered
free café lattes to employees who complied immediately.
Harmon, Amy, "E-mail comes back to haunt companies," November 29, 1998
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 6
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
The Impact of the Number of People on Communications Channels
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 7
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Performance Reporting
Performance reporting keeps stakeholders informed
about how resources are being used to achieve project
objectives.
 Status reports describe where the project stands at
a specific point in time.
 Progress reports describe what the project team
has accomplished during a certain period of time.
 Project forecasting predicts future project status
and progress based on past information and trends.
 Status review meetings often include performance
reporting.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 8
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Administrative Closure
A project or phase of a project requires closure.
Administrative closure produces:
 Project archives.
 Formal acceptance.
 Lessons learned.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 9
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Suggestions for Improving Project Communications
The following are important issues that project
managers and team members must address if they
are to deliver effective project communications:

Resolve conflicts effectively.

Develop better communication skills.

Run effective meetings.

Use templates for project communications.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 10
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Conflict Handling Modes
There are five basic Conflict Handling Modes. In
preference order these are:
1. Confrontation or problem-solving: directly
face a conflict.
2. Compromise: use a give-and-take approach.
3. Smoothing: de-emphasize areas of differences
and emphasize areas of agreement.
4. Forcing: the win-lose approach.
5. Withdrawal: retreat or withdraw from an actual
or potential disagreement.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 11
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Develop better communication skills
Projects rely heavily on leadership, teamwork,
cooperation and mutual understanding. Empathy, a vital
ingredient of communication, is influenced by the attitude
and example of project managers and their ability in
interpersonal communication.
It takes leadership to help improve communication. Senior
management must set and lead by example.
Information technology professionals must have the
opportunity to develop communication skills. They need to
be able to gain experience in drafting reports, making
presentations, and managing important business
relationships.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 12
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Running effective meetings
A well-run meeting is an important means for
encouraging team building and reinforcing
expectations, roles, relationships, and commitment
to the project.
However, a poorly run meeting can have a
detrimental effect on a project. In particular, many
people complain about the time they waste in
unnecessary, or poorly planned and poorly executed
meetings.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 13
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Guidelines for effective meetings







Determine if a meeting can be avoided.
Define the purpose and intended outcome of the
meeting.
Determine who should attend the meeting.
Provide an agenda to participants before the
meeting.
Prepare handouts, visual aids, and make
logistical arrangements ahead of time.
Run the meeting professionally.
Build relationships.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 14
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Templates for project communications
To make the preparation of project communications
easier, project managers need to provide examples
and templates for common project communications
- eg: project descriptions, project charters, monthly
performance reports, oral status reports, etc.
Good documentation from previous projects can be
an excellent source of examples.
Samples and templates of both written and oral
reports are particularly helpful for persons who are
preparing or presenting reports for the first time.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 15
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Sample Template for a Monthly Progress Report
I.
Accomplishments for Month of January (or appropriate month):
 Describe most important accomplishments. Relate to project's Gantt chart
 Describe other important accomplishments, one bullet for each. If any issues were
resolved from the previous month, list them as accomplishments.
II.
Plans for February (or following month):
 Describe most important items to be accomplished in the next month. Again relate
to the project's Gantt chart.
 Describe other important items to accomplish, one bullet for each
III.
Issues: Briefly list important issues that surfaced or are still important. Managers
hate surprises and want to help the project succeed, so be sure to list issues.
IV.
Project Changes (Date and Description): List any approved or requested
changes to the project. Include the date of the change and a brief description.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 16
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Sample Template for a Letter of Agreement for a Class Project
I.
Project Description: Describe the project's objective, scope, assumptions, cost
information, and schedule information, as shown in Figure 9-2. Be sure to include
important dates that the project's sponsor needs to be aware of
II.
Organizational Goals and Expectations: Have the main sponsor from the
organization briefly state their goals and expectations for the project.
III.
Student Goals and Expectations: Students on the project team should briefly
state their goals and expectations for the project.
IV.
Meeting Information. It is a good idea for the project's sponsor and all students
on the project team to agree on at least one hour per week where all parties can meet
to work on this project. The meeting place should be a convenient location without
distractions. Virtual meetings may be an option for some people and projects.
V.
Contact Information and Communications Plan: List the sponsor's and
students' names, phone numbers, e-mails, and important procedures for
communications. It is a good idea to set up a web site for all project information.
VI.
Signatures: Have the main sponsor and students on the project team sign the
letter of agreement. Designate which student is the project manager. This student
should be the main contact for all project information.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 17
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Outline for a Final Project Report
I.
Cover page
II.
Table of contents and executive summary (for a long report)
III.
Need for the project
IV.
Project description and letter of agreement
V.
Overall outcome of the project and reasons for success or failure
VI.
Project management tools and techniques used and assessment of them
VII.
Project team recommendations and future considerations
VIII.
Final project Gantt chart
IX.
Attachments with all deliverables
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 18
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Gantt Chart Template for a Class Project
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 19
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Developing a Communications Infrastructure
A communications infrastructure is a set of tools, techniques,
and principles that provide a foundation for the effective
transfer of information:

Tools include e-mail, project management software, groupware,
fax machines, telephones, teleconferencing systems, document
management systems, and word processors.

Techniques include reporting guidelines and templates, meeting
ground rules and procedures, decision-making processes,
problem-solving approaches, and conflict resolution and
negotiation techniques.

Principles include using open dialog and an agreed upon work
ethic.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 20
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Using Software
There are many software tools to aid in project
communications. However, organisations will
need to adjust existing communication systems
to meet the special needs of a project.
Microsoft Project 98 (onwards) include an
increasing number of features to enhance
communications within projects (for example publishing project data as a HTML file).
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 21
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
MS Project 98
Information
Saved as
HTML File
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 22
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Conclusion - 1
It is becoming more difficult to be a successful
project manager.
Projects are becoming more complex and project
team members more demanding.
Traditional management approaches have been
replaced with those that depend on mutually
beneficial linkage and relationship.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 23
HIT241 - COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
Conclusion - 2
To develop these relationships, the project
manager must be a skilled communicator  Skilled at getting information.
 Skilled at expressing views without creating
problems.
 Skilled at discussing behaviour issues.
CDU – School of Information Technology
Communications Management - Slide 24
Download
Random flashcards
hardi

0 Cards oauth2_google_0810629b-edb6-401f-b28c-674c45d34d87

Rekening Agen Resmi De Nature Indonesia

9 Cards denaturerumahsehat

Rekening Agen Resmi De Nature Indonesia

9 Cards denaturerumahsehat

sport and healty

2 Cards Nova Aulia Rahman

Create flashcards