Workflow and Framework CDD, EDD
and AML in Banking
Discover the importance of implementing Customer Due Diligence (CDD), Enhanced Due
Diligence (EDD), and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) frameworks in the banking sector. In this
article, we'll explore the best practices, benefits, and challenges of these frameworks, as well as
the importance of staff training and compliance with regulatory requirements.
The Role of CDD in Banking
What is CDD?
Why is CDD Important?
Customer Due Diligence is the process banks
CDD is critical in mitigating risks related to
and financial institutions use to verify the
money laundering, terrorist financing, and
identity of their clients. It involves collecting
other financial crime. By ensuring that
and analyzing data related to a customer's
customers are who they say they are, banks
identity, occupation, and financial
can protect themselves from legal liability
transactions to identify any potential risks
and reputational damage.
associated with the customer
What is EDD?
Enhanced Due Diligence (EDD) is a stricter version of CDD that is used for high-risk customers.
It involves gathering additional information to better understand the nature of their business
transactions and address the increased risk of financial crime.
Overview of AML Regulations
Anti-Money Laundering (AML) regulations are designed to prevent the use of illicitly obtained
funds in the financial system. Banks must comply with AML regulations by implementing AML
programs that include the use of risk-based approaches and transaction monitoring.
AML Program Components:
- Internal policies, procedures, and controls
for money laundering risks
- Ongoing employee training
- Independent testing of AML programs
Benefits of CDD, EDD, and AML Frameworks
Enhanced Security
Risk Mitigation
Banks can reduce the
frameworks help banks
risk of financial crime
Complying with
protect themselves
by using risk-based
and their customers
approaches and
requirements ensures
from financial crime,
ongoing monitoring of
that banks avoid legal
such as money
high-risk customers.
liability and
laundering, fraud, and
terrorist financing.
reputational damage.
Best Practices for Conducting CDD and EDD
Step 1: Identification and Verification of Customer Information
Collect and verify customer identity and ownership information using reliable and
independent sources.
Step 2: Risk Assessment
Conduct a risk assessment to determine the level of risk posed by the customer.
Step 3: Ongoing Monitoring
Continuously monitor the customer and their transactions for potential signs of
financial crime.
Challenges in Implementing CDD, EDD, and
Common Obstacles
Banks often face challenges related to the
Data Privacy and Customer
costs of implementing and maintaining CDD,
Banks must address issues related to data
EDD, and AML programs, as well as the
privacy and the customer experience when
difficulty of balancing compliance
implementing CDD, EDD, and AML
requirements with the needs of customers.
frameworks. Adequate processes must be in
place to ensure that customer data is
protected and that customers are not unduly
inconvenienced by the process.
Importance of Staff Training and Awareness
Staff training is crucial in ensuring the successful implementation and maintenance of CDD, EDD,
and AML programs. Training programs should be designed to educate staff on relevant laws,
regulations, and procedures, as well as to raise awareness of the importance of compliance and
the risks of financial crime.
Staff training is critical.
Employee awareness is key to success.