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Deanova Fitriandaru 20458273BI10506 PenugasanLiterasiOnline

Nama : Deanova Fitriandaru
: 20/458273/BI/10506
Artikel Jurnal 1 : A study of consumer behaviour towards food-waste in Ireland: Attitudes,
quantities and global warming potentials
This study aimed to investigate consumer behaviour towards food waste in Ireland by analysing
their attitudes and quantities of food waste generated. Global warming potential of the food
waste generated weekly is then assessed. A total of 2115 participants from all over the Republic
of Ireland contributed to the survey (of which 2062 were included in this research). Using factor
and cluster analysis, two clusters of consumers were formed based on their attitudes towards
food waste, and it was found that 62.56% of the sample were ‘uncaring’ consumers and 37.44%
were ‘caring’ consumers. The uncaring consumers consisted of more young males and were
relatively unphased by food waste and take minimal precautions to reduce food waste at all
stages of consumption. In contrast, caring consumers consisted of older and female consumers
and were deeply disturbed by food waste, taking all precautions to reduce food waste at every
stage of consumption. Regarding food waste quantities, uncaring consumers produced on
average, 0.74 kg of food waste weekly, accounting for 2.74 kg of CO2 equivalent in global
warming potential, whereas caring consumers produced only half this amount. Our results thus
suggest that consumers attitudes towards food waste directly impact the food waste quantities
they generate and consequently the global warming effects. However, in Ireland all consumer
groups can benefit from more information about food waste and our study contributes by
providing information that can inform strategic communication campaigns at policy or
organisational level, to educates consumers about food waste and how they are contributing to
global warming (Flanagan & Priyadarshini, 2021).
Daftar Pustaka :
Flanagan, A., & Priyadarshini, A. (2021). A study of consumer behaviour towards food-waste
in Ireland: Attitudes, quantities and global warming potentials. Journal of Environmental
Management, 284(February), 112046. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112046
Artikel Jurnal 2 : Indian Sarsaparilla (Hemidesmus indicus): Recent progress in research
on ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R. Br. ex Schult. (Apocynaceae) is
widely used in traditional medicine in the different parts of the Indian subcontinent due to the
various biological activities attributed to its different parts, especially the roots. It has
traditionally been used for treating snakebites, scorpion stings, diabetes, urinary diseases,
dyspnea, menorrhagia, oligospermia, anorexia, fever, abdominal colic and pain, dysentery,
diarrhea, cough, rheumatism, headache, inflammation, pyrosis, skin diseases, leprosy, sexually
transmitted diseases and cancer. In Ayurveda, the plant is used in the treatment of bone-loss,
low body weight, fever, stress, topical wound and psoriasis. Besides, Ayurvedic literature also
depicts its use as anti-atherogenic, anti-spasmodic, memory enhancing, immunopotentiating
and anti-inflammatory agents. Aim of the study: In this review, we aim to present a
comprehensive update on the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, specific pharmacology,
and toxicology of H. indicus and its bioactive metabolites. Possible directions for future
research are also outlined in brief. Materials and methods: Popular and widely used
international databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Google Scholar and JSTOR
were searched and traditional literature were consulted using the various search strings to
retrieve a number of citations related to the ethnopharmacology, biological activity, toxicology,
quality control and phytochemistry of H. indicus. All studies on the ethnobotany,
phtochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of the plant up to 2019 were included in this
review. Results: H. indicus has played an important role in traditional Indian medicine
(including Ayurveda) and also in European medicine. The main pharmacological properties of
H. indicus include hepatoprotective, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, antioxidant, neuroprotective,
anti-ophidian, cardioprotective, nephroprotective, anti-ulcerogenic, anti-inflammatory, and
antimicrobial properties. Phytochemical evaluations of the root have revealed the presence of
aromatic aldehydes and their derivatives, phenolics, triterpenoids and many other compounds,
some of which were attributed to its bioactivity. This review also compiles a list of Ayurvedic
formulations and commercial preparations where H. indicus has been used as an active
ingredient. We have included the critical assessment of all the papers cited in this manuscript
based on experimental observation and other important points which reflect the loop-holes of
research strategy and ambiguity in the papers reviewed in this manuscript. Conclusions: The
study presents an exhaustive and updated review on the traditional, pharmacological and
phytochemical aspects of H. indicus with notes on its quality control and toxicological
information. Although the crude extracts of H. indicus exhibit an array of pharmacological
activities, it is high time to identify more active phyto-constituents by bioactivity-guided
isolation besides elucidating their structure-activity relationship. More designed investigations
are needed to comprehend the multi-target network pharmacology, to clarify the molecular
mode of action and to ascertain the efficacious doses of H. indicus. Moreover, H. indicus is not
fully assessed on the basis of its safety and efficacy on human. We hope this review will
compile and improve the existing knowledge on the potential utilization of H. indicus in
complementary and alternative medicine (Nandy et al., 2020).
Daftar Pustaka :
Nandy, S., Mukherjee, A., Pandey, D. K., Ray, P., & Dey, A. (2020). Indian Sarsaparilla
(Hemidesmus indicus): Recent progress in research on ethnobotany, phytochemistry and
Artikel Jurnal 3 : The local knowledge of medicinal plants trader and diversity of medicinal
plants in the Kabanjahe traditional market, North Sumatra, Indonesia
Ethnopharmacological relevance Market is the main place for transactions of medicinal plants
and traditional ingredients by local community in the Karo regency, North Sumatra, Indonesia.
This is the first study to document the local knowledge of traders on and the diversity of the
medicinal plants. The investigation was carried out in the Kabanjahe traditional market, in the
Karo regency. The research goal was to reveal the local knowledge, diversity and utilization of
medicinal plants, which have been traded in the Kabanjahe traditional market, as a basis for
conservation efforts. Materials and methods The study was conducted through ethnobotanical
approach using market surveys. All traders of medicinal plants were surveyed applying indepth interviews and participative observations. Data were analyzed qualitatively using
descriptive statistics. The diversity of medicinal plants was expressed in term of the ShannonWiener diversity index (H'), whereas the similarity among traders was indicated by Jaccard
index (Ji). Results Traders of medicinal plants stored the simplicia of medicinal plants in chest
of drawers, plastic baskets, plastic bags, and in the air by suspending them from the the stall
ceilings. We recorded 344 species, 217 genera and 90 families of medicinal plants. Those that
were sold mostly belong to Zingeberaceae (20 species), Poaceae (19 species), and
Asclepiadaceae (17 species), and the species received high consumers demand, mostly belong
to Zingiberaceae, Rutaceae, and Asclepidiaceae. Asclepidiaceae was used to treat diseases like
cancer and heart problems. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index of medicinal plants at the
Kabanjahe traditional market was high (H'= 5.637). The high Jaccard similarity index (Ji>0.56)
suggested that the traders were trading similar species of medicinal plants. Conclusion
Kabanjahe traditional market is the center for the sale of of medicinal plants as traditional
ingredients. Several species are well known for their pharmacological properties but others,
[such as: Dischidia imbricata (Blume) Steud., Dischidia nummularia R.Br., Hoya macrophylla
Blume, and Hoya coriacea Blume] have been used for cancer treatment by local communities,
but pharmacologically unknown, hence they are promising candidates for further
investigation.(Silalahi et al., 2015)
Daftar Pustaka :
Silalahi, M., Nisyawati, Walujo, E. B., Supriatna, J., & Mangunwardoyo, W. (2015). The local
knowledge of medicinal plants trader and diversity of medicinal plants in the Kabanjahe
traditional market, North Sumatra, Indonesia Marina. Journal of Ethnopharmacology,
175, 432–443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.09.009