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Nusantara-House

Bahasa Inggris-A
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NUSANTARAHOUSE
Septiyan Aldin Hanif H.
1441600054
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What is Nusantara House?
▪
Houses that only exist in Indonesia. The shapes and materials
are very varied. The shape and material adapted to the
surrounding natural conditions. These natural conditions result in
various forms from the tip of Sabang to Merauke. The form of
the archipelago house is very suitable for residents of the
archipelago. The shapes and styles on each island differ
according to function, custom, culture and belief.
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Who triggered it?
Prof. Dr. Ir. Josef Prijotomo, M.Arch who coined the name for the form of houses in
Indonesia in <1800 to be “Arsitektur Nusantara”. In the year 1800 - 1945 named
“Arsitektur Hindia”, after independence 1945 - Now named “Arsitektur Indonesia”,
whereas from <1800 to the present it has been given a name “Arsitektur Mengkini”.
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Sumatera
NUSANTARA-HOUSE
Sulawesi
Kalimantan
• Materials
• Structure
• Rooftop
Jawa
Nusa Tenggara
Papua
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What is Joglo House?
▪
Javanese traditional traditional house.
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Has a square base shape.
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Has a unique building structure. Knock down system
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Having various types of Joglo in each area spread across Java.
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Cost is very expensive, including maintenance.
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Only owned by the nobles or rich people of his day.
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Design
The basic design of house
is “Rectangle”, and also the
space form is rectangle too
but in indoor space is also
different meaning like Feng
Shui. The Java House
always had a Hirarchi.
The shapes of rooftop has also different meaning and function. The meaning of rooftop
is Symbol of Residents Status Social. More complicated and more carving or the
ornament and the user had a higher social status, but more simply design or has not an
ornament the user had a low social status.
The function is same as like other Nusantara House, it is for thermal isolation. They
know where they are live and they know what they need is.
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Concept
The concept of this house is Unforgettable God, it’s means they must respect what God is create
to them so they build a house without nature where is important to respect them first.
The basic philosophy of architecture is a mixture of Islamic religious influences that blend with
Hinduism and Buddhism (animism) so that the philosophy of sikretism is very visible.
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1.
Room details
2.
Structure details
1.
Foundation
2.
Column
3.
Sunduk Kili
4.
Sawhorse
5.
Connection
Details
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Room details
▪
First division called Pendopo usually used for public spaces like
receiving guest or discussion.
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Second division called Gedongan usually used for private room
like bedroom, family room, kitchen, etc.
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Structure details
Foundation
The foundation of the Joglo house uses a foundation base or the Purus system. Made from
concrete. Also pinned a continuous foundation to hold the wall forwarded to the ground (Ceblokan).
Benefit
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Can minimize the effects of earthquakes
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Aesthetic value of the building
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Doesn’t damage the structure of the
building
Deficiency
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As a result of the earthquake will shift
the foundation a few centimeters from its
original position
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Structure details
Column
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Had 4 pieces Saka Guru for all size is 20x20 cm and length 3.5
meters
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Had 4 Emper Column for the size is 7x11 cm
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Had 5 Blandar Tumpang Sari include with Kendhit or Koloran by size
is 15x15 cm
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For all that columns and size the materials used Kayu Jati.
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Structure details
Sunduk Kili (Meret or Kili)
Is the horizontal block as a part of Saka Guru and Sunduk Kili, the size is 15x15 cm and the
length is 3.6 meters. Materials that Sunduk Kili used is Teak Wood.
d (sambungan sunduk)
e (purus wedokan and kili)
a (purus lanang saka guru)
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Structure details
Sawhorse
using teak wood as the main material and has several parts, especially for rooftop,
including :
1.
Deep jurai
2.
Sokong block
3.
Gording
4.
Rinse
5.
Batten (covered by woven bamboo)
Jurai dalam
Balok sokong
Usuk
Gording
Reng
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Connection
Consists of several connections to Joglo House,
including :
1.
Purus system connection
2.
Cathokan system connection
3.
Bibir berkait system connection
Structure details
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Conclusion
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The uniqueness of the joglo house is located on the roof, which consists of three stacks
and each stack has different slopes, usually using rafters, battens or gording and
without ceiling. If you use a ceiling it will follow the slope of the roof.
▪
The Joglo structure includes a foundation using a pedestal, in the middle of the room
with four pillars. Soko guru shoulders the meret (sunduk kili) and also the construction
of horses. the main material used to make the joglo roof horses is teak, the wood used
can be decorated with carved or plain ornament.
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