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HALAMAN PENGESAHAN

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LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM
DASAR-DASAR ILMU TANAH
Disusun oleh:
NAMA
: SOFINA GALIH FALIH TAJI
NIM
: H0215036
KELOMPOK
:7
PROGRAM STUDI ILMU TANAH
FAKULTAS PERTANIAN
UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET
SURAKARTA
2015
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN
Laporan praktikum Dasar-dasar Ilmu Tanah ini disusun guna melengkapi
tugas mata kuliah Ilmu Tanah dan telah diterima, disetujui, serta disahkan oleh
Co-Assisten dan Dosen Ilmu Tanah pada :
Hari
: Kamis
Tanggal : 17 Desember 2015
Disusun oleh :
Nama
: Sofina Galih Falih Taji
NIM
: H0215036
Kelompok
:7
Mengetahui,
Dosen Koordinator Praktikum
Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Tanah
Co-Assisten
Ir. Sumarno, MP
NIP : 195405181985031002
Umi Barokah
NIM : H0213044
ii
KATA PENGANTAR
Puji syukur Alhamdulillah atas kehadirat Allah SWT yang telah
melimpahkan rahmat dan hidayah-Nya sehingga Laporan Praktikum Ilmu Tanah
ini dapat terselesaikan. Laporan ini disusun guna melengkapi tugas mata kuliah
Ilmu Tanah di Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.
Penyusunan laporan ini tidak terlepas dari bantuan berbagai pihak. Untuk
itu penulis mengucapkan terima kasih kepada :
a. Allah SWT yang berkuasa atas segalanya.
b. Dekan Fakultas Pertanian UNS.
c. Dosen Pengampu mata kuliah Ilmu Tanah Fakultas Pertanian UNS.
d. Kakak Co-assisten Ilmu Tanah yang selalu membantu dalam pelaksanaan
praktikum.
e. Teman–teman yang telah mendukung dan membantu dalam pembuatan
laporan ini.
f. Keluarga yang telah memberi motivasi tersendiri dalam proses pembuatan
laporan praktikum ini.
Penulis menyadari masih terdapat banyak kekurangan dalam penyusunan
Laporan Ilmu Tanah. Untuk itu, penulis mengharapkan kritik dan saran yang
bersifat membangun dari para pembaca. Dan penulis berharap agar laporan ini
dapat bermanfaat bagi kita semua.
Surakarta, 17 Desember 2015
Penulis
iii
DAFTAR ISI
HALAMAN JUDUL. ....................................................................................... i
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN .......................................................................... ii
KATA PENGANTAR ..................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI .................................................................................................... iv
DAFTAR TABEL ............................................................................................ vii
DAFTAR GAMBAR ....................................................................................... ix
I. PENDAHULUAN ...................................................................................... 1
A. Latar Belakang ..................................................................................... 1
B. Tujuan Praktikum ................................................................................. 2
II. TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ............................................................................ 3
A. Pencandraan Bentang lahan.................................................................. 3
B. Penyidikan Profil Tanah ....................................................................... 4
C. Sifat Fisika Tanah ................................................................................ 6
D. Sifat Kimia Tanah ............................................................................... 8
III. METODE PRAKTIKUM ........................................................................ 10
A. Waktu dan Tempat Praktikum ........................................................... 10
B. Bahan ................................................................................................. 10
C. Alat ..................................................................................................... 11
D. Cara Kerja .......................................................................................... 12
IV. HASIL PENGAMATAN ........................................................................... 15
A. Jumantono ..................................................................................... .... 15
1. Penyandraan Bentang Alam ........................................................... 15
2. Penyidikan Profil Tanah ................................................................ 17
3. Sifat Fisika Tanah .......................................................................... 18
4. Sifat Kimia Tanah .......................................................................... 19
5. Analisis Lengas Tanah ................................................................... 20
6. Analisis Ph Tanah ......................................................................... 22
7. Analisis Struktur Tanah ................................................................ 22
iv
v
B.
Fakultas Pertanian UNS .................................................................. 23
1. Penyandraan Bentang Alam ........................................................... 23
2. Penyidikan Profil Tanah ................................................................ 25
3. Sifat Fisika Tanah .......................................................................... 26
4. Sifat Kimia Tanah .......................................................................... 27
5. Analisis Lengas Tanah ................................................................... 28
6. Analisis Ph Tanah ......................................................................... 30
7. Analisis Struktur Tanah ................................................................ 30
C. Jatikuwung ........................................................................................ 31
1. Penyandraan Bentang Alam ........................................................... 31
2. Penyidikan Profil Tanah ................................................................ 33
3. Sifat Fisika Tanah .......................................................................... 34
4. Sifat Kimia Tanah .......................................................................... 35
5. Analisis Lengas Tanah ................................................................... 36
6. Analisis Ph Tanah ......................................................................... 38
7. Analisis Struktur Tanah ................................................................ 38
V.
PEMBAHASAN ..................................................................................... 39
A. Jumantono ...................................................................................... .. 39
1. Penyandraan Bentang Alam ..........................................................
39
2. Penyidikan Profil Tanah ................................................................
40
3. Sifat Fisika Tanah .........................................................................
40
4. Sifat Kimia Tanah .........................................................................
42
5. Analisis Lengas Tanah .................................................................. 43
6.Analisis pH Tanah ......................................................................... 44
7. Analisis Struktur Tanah ................................................................ 45
B. Fakultas Pertanian UNS .................................................................... 45
1. Penyandraan Bentang Alam ..........................................................
45
2. Penyidikan Profil Tanah ................................................................
46
3. Sifat Fisika Tanah .........................................................................
46
4. Sifat Kimia Tanah .........................................................................
48
5. Analisis Lengas Tanah .................................................................. 49
vi
6.Analisis pH Tanah ......................................................................... 50
7. Analisis Struktur Tanah ................................................................ 51
C. Jatikuwung ........................................................................................ 52
1. Penyandraan Bentang Alam ..........................................................
52
2. Penyidikan Profil Tanah ................................................................
53
3. Sifat Fisika Tanah .........................................................................
53
4. Sifat Kimia Tanah .........................................................................
55
5. Analisis Lengas Tanah .................................................................. 56
6.Analisis pH Tanah ......................................................................... 57
7. Analisis Struktur Tanah ................................................................ 58
VI. KOMPREHENSIF .................................................................................. 59
VII. KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN .............................................................. 61
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN
DAFTAR TABEL
Tabel 4.1.1 Pencandraan Bentang Lahan Jumantono ........................................ 16
Tabel 4.1.2 Penyidikan Profil/Pedon Tanah ...................................................... 17
Tabel 4.1.3 Pengamatan Sifat Fisika Tanah. ...................................................... 18
Tabel 4.1.4 Pengamatan Sifat Kimia Tanah....................................................... 19
Tabel 4.1.5.1 Lengas Tanah Kering Angin ........................................................ 20
Tabel 4.1.5.2 Kapasitas Lapang Tanah ............................................................. 20
Tabel 4.1.5.3 Lengas Maksimum ....................................................................... 21
Tabel 4.1.5.4 Batas Berubah Warna................................................................... 21
Tabel 4.1.6 Analisis pH Tanah ........................................................................... 22
Tabel 4.1.7.1 Bobot Volume Tanah Jumantono ................................................ 22
Tabel 4.1.7.2 Bobot Jenis Tanah Jumantono ..................................................... 22
Tabel 4.2.1 Pencandraan Bentang Lahan FP UNS ............................................ 24
Tabel 4.2.2 Penyidikan Profil/Pedon Tanah ...................................................... 25
Tabel 4.2.3 Pengamatan Sifat Fisika Tanah. ...................................................... 26
Tabel 4.2.4 Pengamatan Sifat Kimia Tanah....................................................... 27
Tabel 4.2.5.1 Lengas Tanah Kering Angin ........................................................ 28
Tabel 4.2.5.2 Kapasitas Lapang Tanah ............................................................. 28
Tabel 4.2.5.3 Lengas Maksimum ....................................................................... 29
Tabel 4.2.5.4 Batas Berubah Warna................................................................... 29
Tabel 4.2.6 Analisis pH Tanah ........................................................................... 30
Tabel 4.2.7.1 Bobot Volume Tanah FP UNS..................................................... 30
Tabel 4.2.7.2 Bobot Jenis Tanah FP UNS ......................................................... 30
Tabel 4.3.1 Pencandraan Bentang Lahan Jatikuwung ....................................... 32
Tabel 4.3.2 Penyidikan Profil/Pedon Tanah ...................................................... 33
Tabel 4.3.3 Pengamatan Sifat Fisika Tanah. ...................................................... 34
Tabel 4.3.4 Pengamatan Sifat Kimia Tanah....................................................... 35
Tabel 4.3.5.1 Lengas Tanah Kering Angin ........................................................ 36
Tabel 4.3.5.2 Kapasitas Lapang Tanah ............................................................. 36
Tabel 4.3.5.3 Lengas Maksimum ....................................................................... 37
vii
viii
Tabel 4.3.5.4 Batas Berubah Warna................................................................... 37
Tabel 4.3.6 Analisis pH Tanah ........................................................................... 38
Tabel 4.3.7.1 Bobot Volume Tanah Jatikuwung................................................ 38
Tabel 4.3.7.2 Bobot Jenis Tanah Jatikuwung .................................................... 38
DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gambar 4.1.1 Penampang Pedon Tanah Jumantono.......................................... 15
Gambar 4.1.2 Denah Lokasi Jumantono ............................................................ 16
Gambar 4.2.1 Penampang Profil Tanah FP UNS ............................................... 23
Gambar 4.2.2 Denah Lokasi FP UNS ................................................................ 24
Gambar 4.3.1 Penampang Pedon Tanah Jatikuwung ..................................... ... 31
Gambar 4.3.2 Denah Lokasi Jatikuwung ....................................................... ... 32
ix
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