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Chinese Vocabulary

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Chinese Vocabulary
If you’ve learned all the things (and only once you’ve learned all these things!) are you ready to learn Chinese words. Please do not
skip ahead. Make sure you can say the words properly.
Now, onto learning Chinese vocabulary. Vocabulary is a big part of language learning. The key is to learn the most important words ist.
Learn the high-frequency words that appear as often as possible. Did you know that you can read/understand 90% of daily Chinese
with just 1000 Chinese characters! How cool is that?
So which words to learn first? Luckily, the Chinese proficiency test tells us. The HSK (Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi) has 6 levels and tells
you what vocabulary you should learn for each of the 6 levels. THe HSK1 has 150 vocabulary words to learn. The list below is 250
words that include these 150 plus some from HSK 2. If you’re looking for full lists of the top 100, 250, 500, or even 100 words to learn,
we have those here for free and with downloadable PDF. If you want lists of HSK 1 Vocabulary, HSk2 Vocabulary, HSK 3 Vocabulary,
or HSK 4 Vocabulary we have all of those two.
Good luck with this Chinese word list. This should get you started. All these words are used in our free PDF lessons. When you’re
ready, sign up for a free trial class apply what you’ve learned with a live Chinese tutor!
List of Chinese Words (Beginner Chinese words top 250)
叫
jiào
Verb
to be called
我叫大卫。
Wǒ jiào Dàwèi.
My name is David.
我姓程。
Wǒ xìng chéng.
My surname is Cheng.
Tā de míngzi shì Mǎlì.
Her name is Mary.
surname, one’s family
姓
xìng
Noun/Verb name is
名
字
她的名字是
míngzi
Noun
name
玛丽。
哪
国
人
a person of which
nǎguórén
Phrase
country
你是哪国
人?
Which country are you
Nǐ shì nǎ guó rén?
from ?
Is your surname
你
nǐ
Pronoun
you
你姓程 吗? Nǐ xìng chéng ma?
Cheng?
My surname is not
我
wǒ
Pronoun
I, me
我不姓程。
Wǒ bú xìng Chéng.
Cheng.
认识你很高
Wǒ jiào dàwèi, rènshì nǐ
My name is David. It is
兴。
hěn gāoxìng.
nice to meet you.
人, 我是日
Wǒ bú shì Měiguó
I’m not American, I’m
本人。
rén,wǒ shì Rìběn rén
Japanese.
Tā shì Měiguó rén ma?
Is he an American?
认
识
你
很
我叫大卫,
高
rènshì nǐ hěn
兴
gāoxìng
Phrase
It’s nice to meet you
我不是美国
是
shì
Verb
is
美
国
他是美国人
Měiguó
Noun
United States
吗?
中
我不是中国
国
Zhōngguó
Noun
China
人。
Wǒ bú shì Zhōngguó rén. I’m not Chinese.
忙
máng
Adj
busy
你忙吗?
Nǐ máng ma?
Are you busy?
累
lèi
Adj
tired , tiring
我很累。
Wǒ hěn lèi.
I am tired.
好
hǎo
Adj
good
你好吗?
Nǐ hǎo ma?
How are you?
你们都是学
Nǐmen dōu shì xuéshēng
生吗?
ma?
Are you all students?
生。
Wǒ bú shì xuéshēng.
I am not a student.
我的老师不
Wǒ de lǎoshī bú shì
My teacher is not
你
们
nǐmen
Pronoun
you (plural), y’all
学
生
我不是学
xuéshēng
Noun
student, students
老
师
lǎoshī
Noun
teacher
是中国人。
Zhōngguó rén.
Chinese.
见
zàijiàn
Phrase
goodbye
再见!
Zàijiàn.
Goodbye.
日
Rìběn
Noun
Japan
他不是日本
Tā bú shì Rìběn rén.
He is not a Japanese.
再
本
他
人。
tā
Pronoun
He, him
他累不累?
Tā lèi búlèi?
Is he tired or not?
啡。
Wǒ yào hē kāfēi.
I want to drink coffee.
我喜欢中国
Wǒ xǐhuan Zhōngguó
茶。
chá.
I like Chinese tea
我很喜欢喝
Wǒ hěn xǐhuan hē
I really like to drink
中国茶。
Zhōngguó chá.
Chinese tea.
我要喝咖
要
yào
Verb
to want
喜
欢
喝
xǐhuan
hē
Verb
Verb
to like
to drink
你喜欢吃什
吃
chī
Verb
to eat
咖
啡
么?
What do you like to
Nǐ xǐhuan chī shénme?
你喜不喜欢
kāfēi
Noun
coffee
喝咖啡?
Do you like to drink
Nǐ xǐ bùxǐhuan hē kāfēi?
你喜欢哪国
菜
cài
Noun
dish, cuisine
菜?
eat?
coffee?
Which country’s food
Nǐ xǐhuan nǎ guó cài?
do you like?
我很喜欢喝
茶
口
chá
kǒu
Noun
tea
Measure
measure word for
word
family members
茶。
I really like to drink
Wǒ hěn xǐhuan hē chá.
我家有三口
人
tea.
There are three people
Wǒ jiā yǒu sān kǒu rén.
in my family.
general measure word,
个
gè
Measure
measure word for
word
people
爸
爸
bàba
Noun
father
妈
妈
māma
Noun
mother
妹。
Wǒ yǒu lǐang gè mèimei. sisters.
我的爸爸有
Wǒ de bàba yǒu yí gè
My father has an older
一个姐姐。
jiějie.
sister.
Tā de māma shì Mǎlì.
His mother is Mary.
玛丽。
我有两个哥
gēge
Noun
older brother
姐
姐
I have two younger
他的妈妈是
哥
哥
我有两个妹
哥。
I have two older
Wǒ yǒu liǎng gè gē ge.
他的姐姐叫
jiějie
Noun
older sister
玛丽。
brothers.
His older sister is called
Tā de jiějie jiào Mǎlì.
Mary.
弟
弟
你有没有弟
dìdi
Noun
younger brother
妹
妹
mèimei
Noun
younger sister
Do you have younger
弟?
Nǐ yǒu méiyǒu dìdi?
brothers?
你的妹妹叫
Nǐ de mèimei jiào
What is your younger
什么名字?
shénme míngzì?
sister’s name?
我家有三口
家
jiā
Noun
home, family
人。
There are three people
Wǒ jiā yǒu sān kǒu rén.
in my family.
哥和一个姐
Wǒ yǒu yí gè gē ge hé yí
I have an older brother
我有一个哥
和
hé
Conj
and
姐。
gè jiějie.
and an older sister.
谁
shéi
Pronoun
who
他是谁?
Tā shì shéi?
Who is he?
平安的狗叫
Píng’ān de gǒu jiào
Ping An’s dog is called
奶茶。
nǎichá.
Milk Tea.
我的房子很
Wǒ de fángzi hěn
My house is good-
好看
hǎokàn.
looking.
狗
gǒu
Noun
dog
好
看
hǎokàn
Adj
good-looking
我有一本
书
shū
Noun
book, books
书。
Wǒ yǒu yib̀ ěn shū.
I have a book.
美美有三个
Měiměi yǒu sān gè
Meimei has there
兄弟姐妹。
xiōngdì jiěmèi.
siblings.
爸妈妈的房
Tā xǐ huan tā bàba māma
He likes his parent’s
子。
de fángzi.
house.
人都喜欢喝
Wǒ hé wǒ de jiārén dōu
My family and I all like
咖啡。
xǐ huan hē kāfē i.
to drink coffee.
请你介绍你
Qǐng nǐ jièshào nǐ de
Please introduce your
兄
弟
姐
xiōngdì
妹
jiěmèi
Noun
siblings
他喜欢他爸
房
子
fángzi
Noun
house
我和我的家
家
人
jiārén
Noun
family member
介
绍
jièshào
Verb
to introduce
的家人。
jiārén.
family.
漂
piàoliàng
Adj
beautiful
你姐姐很漂
Nǐ jiějie hěn piàoliàng.
Your older sister is
亮
亮。
really beautiful.
a measure word for
张
zhāng
Measure
photograph, picture,
word
paper, table etc.
女
儿
nǚér
Noun
daughter
我有很多张
Wǒ yǒu hěn duō zhāng
照片。
zhàopiàn.
I have many pictures.
我有一个漂
Wǒ yǒu yí gè piàoliàng
I have a beautiful
亮的女儿。
de nǚér.
daughter.
猫。
Tā yǒu hěnduō zhī māo.
He has many cats.
我有很多照
Wǒ yǒu hěn duō
片。
zhàopiàn.
I have many pictures.
Wǒ yǒu hěn duō shū.
I have many books.
他有很多只
猫
māo
Noun
cat
照
片
zhàopiàn
Noun
pictures, photos
我有很多
多
duō
Adj
many, more
书。
我有两个女
两
liǎng
Numeral
two
儿。
Wǒ yǒu liǎng gè nǚér.
I have two daughters.
可
kěài
Adj
cute,lovely
他很可爱。
Tā hěn kěài.
She is cute.
爱
我有两块
Measure
块
kuài
word
piece; dollar
bēi
word
cup, cups
píng
word
I have two dollars.
啡。
Wǒ yǒu yì bē i kāfē i.
I have a cup of coffee.
Wǒ yǒu yì piń g niúnǎi.
I have a bottle of milk.
我有一瓶牛
Measure
瓶
Wǒ yǒu liǎng kuài qián.
我有一杯咖
Measure
杯
钱。
bottle, bottles
奶。
我们去买东
买
钱
mǎi
qián
Verb
Noun
buy
money
东
Let’s go to buy some
西。
Wǒmen qù mǎi dōngxi.
things.
那个东西多
Nà gè dōngxi duōshǎo
How much does that
少钱?
qián?
thing cost?
这不是我的
西
dōngxi
Noun
thing, things, stuff
东西。
Zhè búshì wǒ de dōngxi.
This is not my stuff.
谢
xièxie
Phrase
Thank you
谢谢你!
Xièxie nǐ !
Thank you!
谢
A: 谢谢你帮
忙检查我的
A: Xièxiè nǐ bāngmáng
A: Thanks for checking
不
文章。 B:
客
不客气,随
B: Bù kèqì, suíshí dōu
problem! Happy to
时都乐意!
lèyì!
anytime!
这些东西是
Zhè xiē dōngxi shì shéi
Whose things are
谁的?
de?
these?
这个东西一
Zhègè dōngxi yìbǎi kuài
This thing is one
百块钱。
qián.
hundred dollars.
三杯咖啡和
Sān bēi kāfēi hé yì bēi
How much for 3 cups
气
búkèqì
Phrase
You’re welcome
Measure
些
百
xiē
bǎi
word
Noun
some
hundred
一
共
一杯茶,一共 chá, yígòng duōshǎo
yígòng
Adv
altogether
今
天
jiǎnchá wǒ de wénzhāng. my essay. B: No
jīntiān
Noun
today
of coffee and one cup
多少钱?
qián?
我今天晚上
Wǒ jīntiān wǎnshàng kàn I’ll watch a movie
看电影。
diànyǐ ng.
of tea?
tonight.
几
点
分
jǐdiǎn
fēn
Phrase
Noun
What time
minute
现在几点?
Xiànzài jǐdiǎn?
现在是两点
Xiànzài shì liǎng diǎn shí It is ten past two
十分。
fēn.
他喜欢看电
看
kàn
Verb
to read, to watch
电
影
diànyǐng
上
网
Noun
movie
shàngwǎng
Object
Surf Internet
现
在
xiànzài
Noun
now
o’clock now.
He likes to watch
影。
Tā xǐhuan kàn diànyǐng.
movies.
你喜欢看什
Nǐ xǐhuan kàn shénme
What movie do you
么电影?
diànyǐng?
like to watch?
我喜欢上
Verb
What time is it?
I like to surf the
网。
Wǒ xǐhuan shàngwǎng.
现在是一点
Xiànzài shì yì diǎn wǔshí
五十五分。
wǔ fēn.
It’s one fifty-five now.
Xiànzài shì liù diǎn bàn.
Now it is six thirty.
Internet.
现在是六点
半
bàn
Noun
half
半。
你喜欢做什
做
zuò
做
饭
to do
zuòfàn
Object
to cook
Object
Nǐ xǐhuān zuò shénme?
do?
吗?
Nǐ xǐhuan zuò fàn ma?
Do you like to cook?
你今天几点
Verb
chīfàn
么?
你喜欢做饭
Verb
吃
饭
Verb
What do you like to
to eat
吃饭?
What time do you eat
Nǐ jīntiān jǐdiǎn chīfàn?
today?
May I ask about how
请
问
Excuse me, may I
qǐngwèn
Phrase
ask…
饭
馆
fànguǎn
Noun
restaurant
请问这个东
Qǐngwèn zhège dōngxi
much does this thing
西多少钱?
duōshǎo qián?
cost?
这间饭馆好
Zhè jiān fànguǎn hǎo
Is this restaurant good
不好?
bùhǎo?
or not?
服
这家饭馆的
务
服务员,人
Zhè jiā fànguǎn de
from this restaurant is
The waiter/ waitress
员
fúwùyuán
Noun
waiter, waitress
很好。
fúwùyuán, rén hěnhǎo.
very nice.
杯
bēizi
Noun
cup
我们要两个
Wǒmen yào liǎng gè
We would like to have
子
真
zhēn
Adv
really
杯子。
bēizi.
two cups.
你妹妹真漂
Nǐ mèimei zhēn
Your younger sister is
亮。
piàoliang.
really pretty.
帮我们点
Qǐng fúwùyuán lái bāng
Please ask the waiter to
菜。
wǒmen diǎn cài.
take our order.
我妈妈做的
Wǒ māma zuò de fàn hěn The dish made from my
饭很好吃。
hǎochī.
mother is tasty.
Wǒ yǒu yì bēi shuǐ.
I have a cup of water.
请服务员来
点
菜
Verb
diǎncài
Object
to order food
好
吃
hǎochī
Adj
tasty/delicious
我有一杯
水
shuǐ
Noun
water
水。
我们家书很
少
shǎo
买
单
Adj
few
Object
Wǒmen jiā shū hěn shǎo. books at home.
服务员,请
Verb
mǎidān
少。
We have very few
to pay
买单。
Fúwùyuán, qǐng mǎidān.
Waiter, we want to pay.
昨天我跟我
昨
天
zuótiān
Noun
yesterday
明
天
míngtiān
Noun
tomorrow
I went to watch a
妈妈去看电
Zuótiān wǒ gēn wǒ
movie with my mother
影。
māma qù kàn diànyǐng.
yesterday.
明天要不要
Míngtiān yàobúyào qù
Do you want to go and
去吃饭?
chīfàn?
eat tomorrow?
你什么时候
Nǐ shénme shíhou qù kàn When are you going to
去看电影?
diànyǐng?
watch movie?
我上午要上
Wǒ shàngwǔ yào
I have classes in the
课。
shàngkè
morning.
星期一我们
Xīngqī yī wǒmen yào
We have class on
要上课。
shàngkè.
Monday.
Wǒ bādiǎn qǐchuáng.
I wake up at eight.
什
么
时
shénme
候
shíhou
Phrase
when
上
午
shàngwǔ
Noun
morning
星
期
xīngqī
起
床
Noun
Week, day of the week
我八点起
Verb
qǐchuáng
Object
wake up
床。
早
饭
zǎofàn
睡
觉
breakfast
Verb
shuìjiào
上
课
Noun
Object
sleep
Verb
shàngkè
Object
go to class,attend class
我们九点吃
Wǒmen jiǔdiǎn chī
We eat breakfast at
早饭。
zǎofàn.
nine.
我爸爸十点
Wǒ bàba shídiǎn
睡觉。
shuìjiào.
My dad sleeps at ten.
我们明天要
Wǒmen míngtiān yào
We have class
上课。
shàngkè.
tomorrow.
Wǒ xiǎng gēn nǐ kàn
I want to watch a
电影。
diànyǐng.
movie with you.
明天是十二
Míngtiān shì shíèr yuè liù Tomorrow is December
月六日。
rì.
今天是十二
Jīntiān shì shíèr yuè wǔ
月五日。
rì.
to want to ,to plan to/to 我想跟你看
想
xiǎng
Verb
think
Measure
月
yuè
word
month
Measure
日
rì
word
day
6th.
Today is December 5th.
What are you going to
下
午
xiàwǔ
Noun
afternoon
你明天下午
Nǐ míngtiān xiàwǔ zuò
do tomorrow
做什么?
shénme?
afternoon?
晚
上
wǎnshàng
Noun
evening
你明天晚上
Nǐ míngtiān wǎnshàng
Do you want to watch a
看电影吗?
kàn diànyǐng ma?
movie tomorrow night?
Míngtiān wǒ qǐng nǐ qù
Tomorrow I’ll treat you
去中国饭馆
Zhōngguó fànguǎn
to a meal at a Chinese
吃饭。
chīfàn.
restaurant.
明天我请你
请
qǐng
Verb
to treat, to invite
他来我家吃
来
lái
Verb
有
空
to come
He came to my house
饭。
Tā lái wǒ jiā chīfàn.
and had a meal.
你有空吗?
Nǐ yǒukòng ma?
Are you free?
have free time, to be
yǒukòng
Verb
free
对
A: 对不起。
不
B: 没关
A: Duìbùqǐ. B:
A: I am sorry. B: It’s
系。
Méiguānxi.
ok.
起
duìbùqǐ
Phrase
sorry
没
关
系
méiguānxi
Phrase
that’s ok, no problem
A: 对不起。 A: Duìbùqǐ. B:
A: I am sorry. B: It’s
B: 没关系。 Méiguānxi.
ok.
我的生日是
生
日
shēngrì
Noun
birthday
二月十八
Wǒ de shēngrì shì èr yuè
My birthday is
号。
shíbā hào.
February eighteenth.
每个周末我
打
球
dǎqiú
Verb
to play ball games, ball 都会跟朋友
Object
sports
篮
球
lánqiú
gēn péngyou qù dǎqiú
Noun
basketball
吗?
qiúsài
Noun
match, ball games
Nǐ dǎ lánqiú ma?
Object
shopping
周
街。
basketball?
Do you like to watch
Nǐ xǐhuan kàn qiúsài ma? sports matches?
他喜欢去逛
Verb
guàngjiē
赛吗?
weekend.
Do you play
你喜欢看球
逛
街
Měi gè zhōumò wǒ dūhuì my friends every
你打篮球
球
赛
去打球
I play basketball with
She likes to go
Tā xǐhuan qù guàngjiē.
周末他做什
shopping.
What does he do on
末
zhōumò
Noun
weekend
么?
Zhōumò tā zuò shénme?
weekends?
早
zǎoqǐ
Verb
to wake up early
我喜欢早起
Wǒ xǐhuan zǎoqǐ qù dǎ
I like to wake up early
起
觉
得
to feel,to think,to
juéde
Verb
consider
去打球。
qiú.
我觉得做饭
Wǒ juéde zuòfàn hěn
很好玩儿。
hǎowánr.
to play the ball.
I think cooking is fun.
好
玩
儿
interesting, fun,
hǎowán’er
Adj
enjoyable
运
动
yùndòng
Noun
exercise, to exercise
打篮球很好
It’s fun to play
玩儿。
Dǎ lánqiú hěn hǎowánr.
basketball.
你喜欢什么
Nǐ xǐhuan shénme
What sports do you
运动?
yùndòng?
like?
电
我现在在电
影
影院看电
diànyǐngyuàn kàn
I am now at the cinema
影。
diànyǐng.
watching a movie.
他在中国学
Tā zài Zhōngguó xuéxí
He studies Chinese in
习中文。
Zhōngwén.
China.
晚上我们去
Wǎnshàng wǒmen qù
We are going to a bar
酒吧喝啤
jiǔbā hē píjiǔ.
to drink beer at night.
院
diànyǐngyuàn
Noun
cinema
学
习
xuéxí
Verb
to study
酒
吧
jiǔba
Noun
bar
Wǒ xiànzài zài
酒。
啤
酒
我们一起喝
píjiǔ
Noun
beer
啤酒。
Wǒmen yìqǐ hē píjiǔ。
We drink beer together.
Wǒ juéde chūmén hěn
I think going out is fun!
我觉得出门
有
很有意思!
意
我喜欢出门
yǒuyìsi! Wǒ xǐhuan
I like to go out to
去运动。
chūmén qù yùndòng.
exercise.
Tā juéde chūmén tài
He thinks going out is
也觉得很无
máfán le, yě juéde hěn
too troublesome and
聊。
wúliáo.
boring.
我是一个麻
Wǒ shì yí gè máfán de
I am a troublesome
烦的人。
rén.
person.
他早上九点
Tā zǎoshàng jiǔdiǎn
He goes to class at 9 in
出门去上
chūmén qù shàngkè.
the morning.
思
yǒuyìsi
Adj
interesting, fun
他觉得出门
太麻烦了,
无
聊
wúliáo
Adj
麻
烦
be annoyed,to bother,
máfán
出
门
boring,bored
Verb
troublesome, annoying
Verb
chūmén
Object
to go outside
课。
Measure
种
zhǒng
word
kind,type
你喜欢吃哪
Nǐ xǐhuan chī nǎ zhǒng
What kind of food do
种菜?
cài?
you like?
星期二我们
一
起
yìqǐ
Adv
together
Let’s have Japanese
一起去吃日
Xīngqīèr wǒmen yìqǐ qù
food on Tuesday
本菜。
chī Rìběn cài.
together.
A: 外面下
雨,我不能
A: It’s raining outside,
跟你出去。
算
了
suànle
下
雨
Phrase
forget about it
Verb
xiàyǔ
Object
raining
外
面
wàimiàn
Noun
outside
A: Wàimiàn xiàyǔ, wǒ
I can’t go out with you.
B: 算了,我 bùnéng gēn nǐ chūqù. B:
B: Fine, I’ll go out with
跟玛丽去。
Suànle, wǒ gēn Mǎlì qù.
Mary.
今天, 明天
Jīntiān, míngtiān dōu
Today and tomorrow it
都下雨。
xiàyǔ.
will rain.
他现在在外
Tā xiànzài zài wàimiàn ,
He is out now, he’s not
面,不在家。 bú zài jiā.
at home.
A: 你有空
吗?我们一
A: Do you have free
没
起去打球,
问
好不好? B: Wǒmen yīqǐ qù dǎqiú,
题
méi wèntí
Phrase
no problem
没问题。
A: Nǐ yǒu kòng ma?
time? Let’s go play ball
games, what do you
hǎo bùhǎo? B: Méi wèntí. think? B: No problem.
我想出去,
可
是
kěshì
Conj
but
做
菜
可是外面下
Wǒ xiǎng chūqù,kěshì
I want to go out, but
雨。
wàimiàn xiàyǔ.
it’s raining outside.
妹妹喜欢做
zuòcài
Verb
cooking
菜。
My younger sister likes
Mèimei xǐhuan zuò cài。 to cook.
我们一起去
唱
歌
chànggē
Verb
to sing
唱歌,好
Wǒmen yīqǐ qù chànggē, How about we go sing
吗?
hǎo ma?
请您再说一
说
shuō
Verb
say,speak a language
次。
together?
Can you please say it
Qǐng nín zài shuō yīcì.
one more time?
汉
语
hànyǔ
Noun
Mandarin
英
语
Wǒ míngtiān yǒu hànyǔ
I have Chinese class
语课。
kè.
tomorrow.
Wǒ bú huì shuō yīngyǔ.
I can’t speak English.
Tā chàng dé búcuò.
She sings well.
怎么说英语
Nǐ kěyǐ jiāo wǒ zěnme
Can you teach me how
吗?
shuō yīngyǔ ma?
to say English?
我不会说英
yīngyǔ
Noun
English
不
错
我明天有汉
语。
她唱得不
búcuò
Adj
pretty good, not bad
错。
你可以教我
教
jiāo
Verb
to teach
汉语老师教
写
字
Verb
xiězì
Object
to write
The Chinese teacher
我们怎么写
Hànyǔ lǎoshī jiào wǒmen teach us how to write
字。
zěnme xiě zì.
words.
他走得很
快
kuài
Adj
fast, quick
快。
Tā zǒu de hěn kuài.
He walks fast.
功
gōngkè
Noun
homework
我今天有很
Wǒ jīntiān yǒu hěn duō
I have a lot of
gōngkè.
homework today.
图书馆看
Tā xīngqī yī qù
He goes to library on
书。
túshūguǎn kànshū.
Mondays to read books.
我们一起吃
Wǒmen yìqǐ chī
Let’s eat lunch
中饭吧!
zhōngfàn ba!
together.
我没有时间
Wǒ méiyǒu shíjiān zuò
I don’t have time for
做晚饭。
wǎnfàn.
making dinner.
我中午上英
Wǒ zhōngwǔ shàng
I have English class at
语课。
yīngyǔ kè.
noon.
Tā fēicháng xǐhuan
He really likes to read
看书, 也喜
kànshū, yě xǐhuan
books, he also likes to
欢运动。
yùndòng.
do sports.
这题好难,
Zhè tí hǎo nán, wǒ bú
This question is so
我不会。
huì.
hard, I don’t know how
课
多功课。
图
他星期一去
书
馆
túshūguǎn
Noun
library
中
饭
zhōngfàn
Noun
lunch
晚
饭
wǎnfàn
Noun
dinner
中
午
zhōngwǔ
Noun
noon
他非常喜欢
非
常
题
fēicháng
tí
Adv
Noun
very,extremely
question
to do it.
Writing Chinese is
写汉字很
难
nán
Adj
difficult
difficult, speaking
难,说汉语
Xiě hànzì hěn nán, shuō
Chinese is also
也很难!
hànyǔ yě hěn nán.
difficult.
这是一支新
新
xīn
Adj
new
手机.
This is a new cell
Zhè shì yìzhī xīn shǒujī.
phone.
Wǒ yǒu yìzhī jiù shǒujī
I have an old cell phone
我有一支旧
旧
jiù
Adj
old, used, worn
手机
这支手机有
大
dà
Adj
big
Measure
Measure word (for a
一点大, 我
Zhè zhī shǒujī yǒu yìdiǎn This phone is a bit big,
不喜欢。
dà, wǒ bù xǐhuan.
I don’t like it.
我有一支新
支
zhī
word
cell phone etc)
手机
Wǒ yǒuyìzhī xīn shǒujī
I have a new cell phone
商
shāngdiàn
Noun
shop, store
这家商店卖
Zhè jiā shāngdiàn mài yì
This store sells some
店
一些手机。
手
这不是我的
机
shǒujī
Noun
cell phone
xiē shǒujī.
cell phones.
This is not my cell
手机。
Zhè bú shì wǒ de shǒujī.
phone.
我去商店看
Wǒ qù shāngdiàn
Let me go to the store
一看。
kànyíkàn.
and have a look.
我有一万三
Wǒ yǒu yí wàn sān qiān
I have thirteen
千元
yuán
thousand dollars
看
一
看
万
kànyíkàn
wàn
Phrase
Numeral
look, have a look
ten thousand
I have four thousand
千
能
qiān
néng
Numeral
Verb
thousand
to express ability
上
我有四千元
Wǒ yǒu sì qiān yuán
dollars
哪支手机能
Nǎ zhī shǒujī néng
Which mobile phone
上网?
shàngwǎng?
can access the Internet?
你的猫在我
Nǐ de māo zài wǒ de
Your cat is on top of
面
shàngmiàn
Noun
on top of
的房子上面! fángzi shàngmiàn.
my house.
下
xiàmiàn
Noun
down/under
照片在杯子
The photo is under the
Zhàopiàn zài bēizi
面
下面。
xiàmiàn.
cup.
旁
饭馆旁边是
Fànguǎn pángbiān shì
The library is next to
图书馆。
túshūguǎn.
the restaurant.
图书馆里面
Túshūguǎn lǐmiàn yǒu
There are a lot of books
有很多书。
hěn duō shū.
inside the library.
边
pángbiān
Noun
next to/beside
里
面
lǐmiàn
Noun
inside
There are a lot of
大
楼
dàlóu
Noun
building
海
边
住
hǎibiān
zhù
Noun
Verb
beach
to live
知
我家旁边有
Wǒ jiā pángbiān yǒu hěn buildings next to my
很多大楼。
duō dàlóu.
house.
我们一起去
Wǒmen yìqǐ qù hǎibiān
Let’s go to the beach
海边玩儿吧! wánr ba!
我住在那个
Wǒ zhù zài nàge dàlóu
I live inside that
大楼里面。
lǐmiàn.
building.
我知道他家
道
zhīdào
Verb
欢
huānyíng
Noun/Verb to welcome, welcome
to know
together and have fun!
I know where his house
在哪儿!
Wǒ zhīdào tā jiā zài nǎr.
is.
欢迎你来我
Huānyíng nǐ lái wǒ jiā
You are welcome to
迎
家玩儿。
wánr.
come to my house to
hang out.
玩
儿
wánr
Verb
to play, have fun
我喜欢去海
Wǒ xǐhuan qù hǎibiān
I like to go to the beach
边玩儿。
wánr.
and have fun.
公
我每个星期
共
都坐公共汽
汽
gōnggòng
车
qìchē
Noun
bus
Wǒ měige xīngqī dōu
车去上汉语
zuò gōnggòng qìchē qù
I take the bus every
课。
shàng Hànyǔ kè.
week to Chinese class.
Wǒ xǐhuan qí zìxíngchē.
I like to ride a bicycle.
天都走路去
Wǒ de péngyǒu měitiān
My friend walks to
自
行
车
我喜欢骑自
zìxíngchē
Noun
bicycle/bike
行车。
我的朋友每
走
Verb
路
zǒulù
Object
to walk
学校。
dōu zǒulù qù xuéxiào.
school every day.
站
zhàn
Measure
stations, stops
从我家到图
Cóng wǒ jiā dào
It takes 3 stations to get
word
书馆坐公共
túshūguǎn zuò gōnggòng from my house to the
汽车要三
qìchē yào sān zhàn.
library.
站。
椅
子
你家有几把
yǐzi
Noun
chair
休
息
Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ bǎ yǐzi?
你中午几点
xiūxí
上
班
椅子?
How many chairs do
Verb
to take a rest
Object
What time do you rest
Nǐ zhōngwǔ jǐdiǎn xiūxi? at noon?
你在哪儿上
Verb
shàngbān
休息?
you have at home?
to go to work
班?
Nǐ zài nǎr shàngbān?
Where do you work?
我坐公共汽
to take (a bus, airplane
坐
zuò
Verb
etc)
车去电影
Wǒ zuò gōnggòng qìchē
院。
qù diànyǐngyuàn.
I go to cinema by bus.
我常骑自行
Wǒ cháng qí zìxíngchē
I often go to class by
bike.
骑
qí
Verb
to ride
车去上课。
qù shàngkè.
超
chāoshì
Noun
supermarket
我想去超市
Wǒ xiǎng qù chāoshì mǎi I want to buy eggs in
市
买鸡蛋。
jīdàn.
the supermarket.
这件衣服是
Zhè jiàn yīfú shì wǒ
This cloth is my
我妹妹的。
mèimei de.
younger sister’s.
很多漂亮的
Tā zuótiān mǎi le hěn
He bought a lot of nice
衣服。
duō piàoliàng de yīfú.
cloth yesterday.
Measure word (for
件
jiàn
Measure
events, things, clothes
word
etc)
他昨天买了
衣
服
yīfú
Noun
clothes
对了,他昨
对
了
duìle
Phrase
by the way
By the way, he told me
天告诉我他
Duìle, tā zuótiān gàosù
yesterday that he is not
不来学校。
wǒ tā bù lái xuéxiào.
coming to school.
我这件事
Tā méiyǒu gàosù wǒ zhè
She didn’t tell me this
情。
jiàn shìqíng.
thing.
我的早餐是
Wǒ de zǎocān shì jīdàn
My breakfast was eggs
鸡蛋和牛
hé niúnǎi.
and milk.
她没有告诉
告
诉
gàosù
Verb
to tell
鸡
蛋
jīdàn
Noun
egg
奶。
忘
了
wàngle
Verb
to forget
我昨天忘了
Wǒ zuótiān wàngle qù
I forgot to go
去超市。
chāoshì.
supermarket yesterday.
Wǒ měitiān zǎoshàng
I drink a cup of coffee
啡和一瓶牛
dōu he yì bēi kāfēi hé yì
and a bottle of milk
奶。
píng niúnǎi.
every morning.
我每天早上
都喝一杯咖
牛
奶
niúnǎi
Noun
milk
这个字非常
怎
么
This word is so
难,我不知道 Zhè gè zì fēicháng nán.
zěnme
Adv
how to…?
怎么写。
Wǒ bù zhīdào zěnme xiě. how to write it.
从这儿往前
走
前
zǒu
qián
Verb
Noun
to get there,walk
front/forward/ahead
difficult. I don’t know
Go forward from here,
走就到他家
Cóng zhèr wǎng qián zǒu you’ll go right to his
了。
jiù dào tā jiā le.
往前走就是
Wǎng qián zǒu jiù shì wǒ Go forward and that’s
我家。
jiā.
house.
my house.
图书馆,往
就
jiù
Adv
then,right away
邮
局
yóujú
Noun
post office
认
识
路
Go forward and turn
前走右拐就
Túshūguǎn, wǎng qián
right, the library is
到了。
zǒu yòuguǎi jiù dào le.
there.
图书馆在邮
Túshūguǎn zài yóujú de
The post office is next
局的旁边。
pángbiān.
to the library.
我不认识那
rènshì
lù
Verb
Noun
to know, to recognise
road
I don’t know that
个人。
Wǒ bú rènshì nàge rén.
person.
我知道这条
Wǒ zhīdào zhè tiáo lù de
I know the name of this
路的名字!
míngzì.
road.
Turn left on that road
左
拐
zuǒguǎi
Verb
to turn left
那条路左拐
Nà tiáo lù zuǒguǎi jiù dào and you’ll arrive at my
就到我家。
wǒ jiā.
house.
那条路右
Yóujú zài qiánmiàn nà
Post office is at the
拐。
tiáo lù yòuguǎi.
road ahead, turn right.
邮局在前面
右
拐
yòuguǎi
Verb
to turn right
从这儿往左
从
cóng
Prep
from
走就是邮
Cóng zhèr wǎng zuǒ zǒu
Turn left from here and
局。
jiùshì yóujú.
there is the post office.
走, 就到
Cóng zhèlǐ wǎng qián
Go straight from here,
了。
zǒu, jiù dào le.
then you will arrive.
从这里往前
到
dào
Verb
to arrive, arrive
这件事情很
事
情
得
shìqíng
děi
Noun
Adv
Affair,matter,thing
must,have to
时
间
怕
shíjiān
pà
Noun
Verb
time
to fear, to be afraid of
This thing is very
难也很麻
Zhè jiàn shìqing hěn nán
difficult and
烦。
yě hěn máfán.
troublesome.
我得出门去
Wǒ děi chū mén qù
I have to go out to go to
上课!
shàng kè.
class.
我有很多时
Wǒ yǒu hěn duō shíjiān
I have a lot of time to
间写功课。
xiě gōngkè.
write homework.
学生都很怕
Xuéshēng dōu hěn pà
The students are all
老师。
lǎoshī
afraid of teacher.
我很担心今
年的汉语考
担
心
anxious,worried
dānxīn
Verb
to worry
考
试
kǎoshì
Noun
to test, test, exam
Wǒ hěn dānxīn jīnnián de I am really worried that
试考得不
Hànyǔ kǎoshì kǎo de bù
I did bad on this year’s
好。
hǎo
Chinese test.
你明天考试
Nǐ míngtiān kǎoshì kǎo
What are your exams
考什么?
shénme?
tomorrow?
今年我要跟
今
年
jīnnián
Noun
this year
I am going to China
家人去中国
Jīnnián wǒ yào gēn jiārén with my family this
玩儿。
qù Zhōngguó wánr.
year.
不
好
不好意思,
意
请问这儿可
Bùhǎo yìsi, qǐngwèn zhèr Excuse me, can we take
以照相吗?
kěyǐ zhàoxiàng ma?
pictures here?
Wǒ xǐhuan tīng yīnyuè.
I like to listen to music.
思
bùhǎoyìsi
听
音
Phrase
excuse me, to be sorry
我喜欢听音
Verb
tīng yīnyuè
Object
to listen to music
乐。
乐
附
近
fùjìn
Adv
nearby
你家附近有
Nǐ jiā fùjìn yǒu
Is there a shop nearby
商店吗?
shāngdiàn ma?
your house?
He likes to go mountain
他周末喜欢
照
相
Verb
zhàoxiàng
Object
to take a photo
climbing and take
去爬山、照
Tā zhōumò xǐhuan qù
pictures on the
相。
páshān, zhàoxiàng.
weekend.
博物馆里面
Bówùguǎn lǐmiàn bù kěyǐ You can’t take pictures
博
物
馆
bówùguǎn
Noun
museum
不可以照相! zhàoxiàng.
我跟我朋友
朋
友
péngyǒu
Noun
friend, friends
天
tiān
word
Wǒ gēn wǒ péngyou
I am going to the
明天要一起
míngtiān yào yìqǐ qù
museum with my friend
去博物馆。
bówùguǎn.
tomorrow.
一个星期有
Measure
day
inside the museum.
七天。
There are seven days in
Yí ge xīngqī yǒu qī tiān.
a week.
等
我跟我朋友
一
等一会儿要
会
一起去逛
děng yìhuǐr yào yìqǐ qù
My friend and I will go
街。
guàngjiē.
shopping later.
哪儿?
Nà gè dìfāng zai nǎr?
Where is that place?
图书馆离邮
Túshūguǎn lí yóujú hěn
The library is far away
局很远。
yuǎn.
from the post office.
图书馆离我
Túshūguǎn lí wǒ jiā hěn
The library is close to
家很近!
jìn.
my house.
Cóng wǒ jiā dào
It takes three hours
书馆要三个
túshūguǎn yào sān gè
from my house to
小时。
xiǎoshí.
library.
我家旁边有
Wǒ jiā pángbiān yǒu yí
There’s a mountain
一座山。
zuò shān.
next to my house.
儿
děng yìhuǐr
Phrase
Wait a moment, later
地
方
远
近
那个地方在
dìfāng
yuǎn
jìn
Noun
Adj
Adj
area, place
far
near/close
从我家到图
小
时
山
Wǒ gēn wǒ péngyou
xiǎoshí
shān
Noun
Noun
hour
mountain
我们这个周
爬
山
páshān
Verb
to climb a mountain, to 末要去爬
Object
hike a mountain
山。
Wǒmen zhège zhōumò
We are going mountain
yào qù páshān.
climbing this weekend.
我爸爸的公
公
司
gōngsī
Noun
company
My father’s company is
司离我们家
Wǒ bàba de gōngsī lí
far away from our
很远。
wǒmen jiā hěn yuǎn.
house.
从这儿去那
分
钟
fēnzhōng
Noun
minute
To get from here to
儿要走三十
Cóng zhèr qù nàr yào zǒu there you need to walk
分钟。
sānshí fēnzhōng.
从我家到公
要
yào
Verb
to need, require
便
fāngbiàn
Adj
convenient
It takes half an hour
司要走半小
Cóng wǒ jiā dào gōngsī
from my house to the
时。
yào zǒu bàn xiǎoshí.
company by foot.
Wǒ jiā pángbiān yǒu
There are some
yìxiē cāntīng, yě yǒu
restaurants,
一些餐厅,
chāoshì hé túshūguǎn.
supermarkets and
也有超市和
Zhù zài nàlǐ hěn
libraries near my house.
我家旁边有
方
thirty minutes.
图书馆 ,
fāngbiàn.
Living there is very
convenient.
住在那里很
方便。
车
票
chēpiào
Noun
transportation ticket
坐公共汽车
Zuò gōnggòng qìchē yào
You need to buy a
要买车票。
mǎi chēpiào.
ticket to take the bus.
中国有很多
Zhōngguó yǒu hěn duō
There are a lot of taxis
出租车。
chūzūchē.
in China.
出
租
车
chūzūchē
Noun
taxi
我每天都坐
地
铁
dìtiě
Noun
subway, metro
地铁去上
Wǒ měitiān dōu zuò dìtiě I go to work by subway
班。
qù shàngbān.
我姐姐载我
去超市买东
载
zài
Verb
to give somebody a ride 西。
汽
qìchē
Noun
car
我有三辆汽
every day.
My older sister drives
Wǒ jiějie zài wǒ qù
me to buy things in the
chāoshì mǎi dōngxi.
supermarket.
Wǒ yǒu sān liàng qìchē.
I have three cars.
车
车。
我爸爸每天
to drive ( a machine,
开
kāi
Verb
car, airplan), to open
风
景
fēngjǐng
Noun
scenery
便
宜
等
piányí
děng
Adj
Verb
cheap
to wait
迟
到
Wǒ bàba měitiān dōu kāi My father drives to
班。
chē qù shàngbān.
work every day.
这儿的风景
Zhèr de fēngjǐng hěn
The scenery here is
很漂亮。
piàoliang.
pretty.
汽车在中国
Qìchē zài Zhōngguó hěn
Cars are cheap in
很便宜。
piányi.
China.
请你等我一
Qǐng nǐ děng wǒ yìqǐ qù
Please wait for me to
起去上课。
shàngkè.
go to class together.
Tā shàngbān chídào le.
She is late for work.
他上班迟到
chídào
Verb
to be late
从
不
都开车去上
了。
我从不爬
cóng bù
Adv
never
山。
I never go mountain
Wǒ cóngbù páshān.
climbing.
他朋友约我
to make an
约
yuē
Verb
appointment/to invite.
His friend asked me to
一起去爬
Tā péngyou yuē wǒ yìqǐ
go mountain climbing
山。
qù páshān .
together.
Shàngcì wǒmen kàn
Last time he was also
上次我们看
电影的时
上
次
shàngcì
Noun
last time
候,他也迟
diànyǐng de shíhou, tā yě late for watching a
到了。
chídào le.
movie,.
Jīntiān zǎoshàng wǒ qù
This morning I was
děng gōngjiāochē, wǒ
going to wait for a bus,
dào gōngchē zhàn de
but when I arrived at
公车已经走
shíhou, gōngchē yǐjīng
the bus stop, the bus
了。
zǒu le.
had already left.
他说中文,
Tā shuō zhōngwén,shuō
He speaks Chinese
说得很慢
de hěn màn.
slowly
今天早上我
去等公交
车,我到公
车站的时候,
已
经
慢
yǐjīng
màn
Adv
Adj
already
slow
How long does it take
请问从超市
多
久
duōjiǔ
Phrase
how long..?
练
习
liànxí
Verb
to practice
到邮局要多
Qǐngwèn cóng chāoshì
supermarket to the post
久?
dào yóujú yào duōjiǔ?
office?
我常在家练
Wǒ cháng zài jiā liànxí
I often practice cooking
习做菜。
zuòcài.
at home
Tā xǐhuan gēn Měiguó
He likes to speak with
国人说话,
rén shuōhuà, liànxí
Americans to practice
练习英语。
yīngyǔ.
his English.
Xiànzài yǐjīng wǎnshàng
It’s already twelve a.m.
他喜欢跟美
说
话
Verb
shuōhuà
Object
to speak/ to talk
to get from the
现在已经晚
为
上十二点
什
了,你为什
shíèrdiǎn le, nǐ wèi
now, why are you not
么不睡觉?
shénme bú shuìjiào?
sleeping?
么
wèishénme
Phrase
why
这个东西很
有
用
yǒuyòng
Adj
useful
Zhège dōngxi hěn
有用也很方
yǒuyòng yě hěn
This thing is useful and
便。
fāngbiàn.
convenient.
放
假
我明天放
Verb
fàngjià
Object
to have a vacation
假。
I’ll be on holiday
Wǒ míngtiān fàngjià.
tomorrow.
因为我喜欢
Yīnwèi wǒ xǐhuan chī
吃中国菜,
因
为
yīnwèi
Conj
Because
Zhōngguó cài, suǒyǐ wǒ
I like to eat Chinese
所以我常去
cháng qù Zhōngguó
food, so I go to Chinese
中国饭馆。
fànguǎn.
restaurant frequently.
Yīnwèi wǒ xǐhuan
I like to climb the
周末我都
páshān, suǒyǐ zhōumò
mountain, so I go there
去。
wǒ dōu qù.
on weekends.
因为我喜欢
爬山,所以
所
以
suǒyǐ
Conj
therefore
我刚放假,
刚
gāng
Adv
just
看
见
kànjiàn
Verb
to see, to catch sight of
I just have holiday,
你想去哪儿
Wǒ gāng fàngjià, nǐ
where do you want to
玩儿?
xiǎng qù nǎr wánr?
go?
你昨天看见
Nǐ zuótiān kànjiàn
What did you see
什么了?
shénme le?
yesterday?
我三年以前
I couldn’t speak
不会说汉
以
前
yǐqián
Noun
Noun/ before
书
法
Wǒ sān nián yǐqián búhuì Chinese three years
语,现在说
shuō Hànyǔ, xiànzài shuō ago, but now I can
得很好。
de hěnhǎo.
我喜欢写书
shūfǎ
Noun
calligraphy
法。
I like to write
Wǒ xǐhuan xiě shūfǎ.
从明天开
开
始
kāishǐ
Verb
to start
speak well.
calligraphy.
From tomorrow I don’t
始,我不上
Cóng míngtiān kāishǐ, wǒ take Chinese class
汉语课了。
bú shàng Hànyǔ kè le.
anymore.
校,很漂亮
Zhè shì wǒ de xuéxiào,
This is my school. It’s
吧?
hěn piàoliang ba?
really pretty, isn’t it?
你今天上什
Nǐ jīntiān shàng shénme
What class do you have
么课?
kè?
today?
这是我的学
学
校
xuéxiào
Noun
school
课
kè
Noun
lesson, class
可
kěnéng
Adv
maybe, might, probably 我可能不能
Wǒ kěnéng bù néng qù tā I might not go to his
能
jiā wánr.
house to hang out.
Tā zuìjìn gōngzuò hěn
He has been busy
给我打电
máng, bù cháng gěi wǒ
recently, only rarely
话。
dǎdiànhuà.
does he call me.
去他家玩
儿。
他最近工作
很忙,不常
最
近
zuìjìn
Noun
recently
喂,你好,
Hello (when answer the 请问有什么
喂
wéi
开
会
Phrase
telephone)
Verb
kāihuì
Object
to hold a meeting
打
Wéi, nǐhǎo, qǐngwèn yǒu Hello, how can I help
事?
shénme shì?
you?
我下午一点
Wǒ xiàwǔ yì diǎn yào
I have meeting at one
要开会。
kāihuì.
p.m.
打电话来我
Nǐ wǎnshàng kěyǐ
You can call me at
dǎdiànhuà lái wǒ jiā.
night.
你晚上可以
电
Verb
话
dǎdiànhuà
Object
to make a phone call
家。
那
nà
Adv
then, in that case
A: 今天外面 A: Jīntiān wàimiàn xiàyǔ, A: It’s raining outside,
下雨,不能
bùnéng dǎ lánqiú. B: Nà
打篮球。 B: wǒmen qù kàn diànyǐng
we can’t play
basketball. B: Then
ba.
let’s see a movie.
我家有三张
Wǒ jiā yǒu sān zhāng
I have three tables at
桌子。
zhuōzi.
home.
那我们去看
电影吧。
桌
子
zhuōzi
Noun
table
生
他的生日会
日
是一月二十
Tā de shēngrì huì shì yī
the twenty-fifth of
五日。
yuè èrshíwǔ rì.
January.
我不喜欢吃
Wǒ bù xǐhuan chī
I don’t like to eat apple
苹果派。
píngguǒ pài.
pie.
会
shēngrì huì
Noun
birthday party
His birthday party is on
苹
果
派
píngguǒ pài
Noun
apple pie
我想邀请你
邀
请
yāoqǐng
Verb
to invite
Wǒ xiǎng yāoqǐng nǐ gēn I would like to invite
跟你的家人
nǐ de jiārén lái wǒ de
you and your family to
来我的生日
shēngrì huì.
my birthday party.
会。
好
久
不
见
好久不见,
hǎojiǔ bújiàn
Phrase
long time, no see
你好吗?
Long time no see, how
Hǎojiǔ bújiàn, nǐhǎo ma? are you?
因为我要考
试,所以他
给
gěi
Verb
to give
Yīnwèi wǒ yào kǎoshì,
He gives me a lot of
给我很多
suǒyǐ tā gěi wǒ hěnduō
books because I have a
书。
shū.
test.
喜欢什么礼
Wǒ bù zhīdào tā xǐhuan
I don’t know what
物。
shénme lǐwù.
present he likes.
我有一件蓝
Wǒ yǒu yí jiàn lánsè de
我不知道他
礼
物
lǐwù
Noun
gift
蓝
色
lánsè
Noun
blue
色的衣服。
yīfú.
I have a blue t-shirt.
饺
jiǎozi
Noun
dumplings
饺子是中国
Jiǎozi shì Zhōngguó cài
Dumpling is a kind of
子
de yì zhǒng.
Chinese food.
的朋友一起
Wǒ xǐhuan hé wǒ de
I like to go travelling
去旅游。
péngyou yìqǐ qù lǚyóu.
with my friends.
他的工作经
Tā de gōngzuò jīngyàn
He doesn’t have much
验不多。
bùduō.
working experience.
菜的一种。
我喜欢和我
旅
游
lǚyóu
Verb
travel
经
验
jīngyàn
Noun
experience
Measure word for
次
cì
Measure
enumerated events,
word
time
这件事情我
说了三次
Zhè jiàn shìqing wǒ shuō I have told you about
了。
le sān cì le.
this three times.
很快乐的事
Lǚyóu shì yí jiàn hěn
Traveling is a very
情。
kuàilè de shìqing.
happy thing.
旅游是一件
快
乐
kuàile
Adj
happy
我最喜欢的
最
zuì
Adv
the most, “-est”
人是我爸爸
Wǒ zuì xǐhuan de rén shì I like my parents the
妈妈。
wǒ bàba māma.
most.
这是这儿最
有
名
yǒumíng
Adj
famous
有名的饭
Zhè shì zhèr zuì yǒumíng This is the most famous
馆。
de fànguǎn.
restaurant here.
Cóng Měiguó dào
It takes more than ten
个小时的飞
Zhōngguó yào zuò shí jǐ
hours from America to
机。
ge xiǎoshí de fēijī.
China by plane.
从美国到中
国要坐十几
飞
机
fēijī
Noun
airplane
听说你去过
听
说
tīngshuō
Verb
to hear (sb. said)
I heard that you have
中国很多
Tīngshuō nǐ qùguò
been to China many
次?
Zhōngguó hěnduō cì?
times?
很高兴你也
高
兴
gāoxìng
Adj
glad, happy
旅
馆
lǚguǎn
Noun
hostel, hotel
喜欢日本
Hěn gāoxìng nǐ yě xǐhuan I’m glad you liked
菜。
Rìběn cài.
Japanese food.
Nǐ qù lǚyóu de shíhou
When you travel, which
你去旅游的
xǐhuan zhù nǎ zhǒng
kind of hotel do you
时候喜欢住
lǚguǎn?
like to stay at?
哪种旅馆?
纪
你会买纪念
念
品给你家人
Nǐ huì mǎi jìniànpǐn gěi
Will you buy souvenirs
吗?
nǐ jiārén ma?
for your family?
几个国家旅
Nǐ jìhuà qù nǎ jǐ ge
What countries are you
游?
guójiā lǚyóu?
planning to go to?
品
jìniànpǐn
Noun
souvenir
你计划去哪
计
划
to plan, to plan to do
jìhuà
Verb
sth.
习
惯
你习惯吃哪
xíguàn
Verb
to get used to
去
年
qùnián
回
国
huíguó
Noun
last year
Verb
to return to home
Object
country
打
算
dǎsuàn
Verb
to plan
Which country’s food
国菜?
Nǐ xíguàn chī nǎguó cài?
do you get used to eat?
你去年去过
Nǐ qùnián qùguò nǎxiē
What countries did you
哪些国家?
guójiā?
visit last year?
他二月三日
He will return home on
回国。
Tā èr yuè sān rì huíguó.
3rd February.
我打算三点
Wǒ dǎsuàn sān diǎn qù
I plan to go to library to
去图书馆看
túshūguǎn kànshū.
read books at 3pm.
书。
我爸爸的公
司在北京,
北
京
běijīng
Noun
Peking
Wǒ bàba de gōngsī zài
My dad’s company is
他在那儿工
Běijīng, tā zài nàr
in Peking, he is
作。
gōngzuò.
working there.
Wǒ gēn wǒ de péngyou
My friend and I are
友放假要去
fàngjià yào qù wàiguó
going abroad during
外国旅游。
lǚyóu.
our vacation.
Fàngjià de shíhou tā de
His family only like to
人只喜欢在
jiārén zhǐ xǐhuan zài jiā
stay at home during
家休息。
xiūxi.
holiday.
我跟我的朋
外
国
wàiguó
Noun
abroad/foreign country
放假的时
候,他的家
只
zhǐ
Adv
only
Yīnwèi tā hòutiān yào qù He is going to work in
因为他后天
后
天
hòutiān
Noun
the day after tomorrow
Běijīng gōngzuò, suǒyǐ
Peking the day after
要去北京工
míngtiān wǎnshàng
tomorrow, so let’s go to
作,所以明
wǒmen yìqǐ qù jiǔbā
the bar and have a
hējiǔ liáotiān ba.
drink tomorrow night.
我的女朋友
Wǒ de nǚpéngyou shì
My girlfriend is
是美国人。
Měiguó rén.
American.
天晚上我们
一起去酒吧
喝酒聊天吧!
女
朋
友
nǚpéngyou
Noun
girlfreind
真舍不得你
走
zǒu
Verb
to leave
Really don’t want you
走,要常回
Zhēn shěbude nǐ zǒu, yào to go, come back to
来看我们。
cháng huílái kàn women. visit us often.
我们舍不得
Wǒmen shěbude nǐ huí
We don’t want you to
你回国。
guó.
return to your country.
舍
不
得
shěbude
Verb
to hate to part with
我汉语课的
同
学
tóngxué
Noun
classmate
My classmate from
同学是美国
Wǒ Hànyǔ kè de tóngxué Chinese class is an
人。
shì Měiguó rén.
American.
他到中国去
工作三年
Tā dào Zhōngguó qù
了,他的家
想
xiǎng
Verb
to miss
gōngzuò sān nián le, tā
He was working in
人都很想
de jiārén dōu hěn xiǎng
China for 3 years, his
他。
tā.
family miss him a lot.
你回国以后
写
信
xiě xìn
Verb
to write a letter
You have to write me a
要常写信给
Nǐ huí guó yǐhòu yào
letter more often when
我。
cháng xiěxìn gěi wǒ.
you are back home.
从美国搭飞
机到中国要
搭
dā
Verb
to take (transportation)
Cóng Měiguó dā fēijī dào It takes thirteen hours
十三个小
Zhōngguó yào shí sān gè
from America to China
时。
xiǎoshí.
by plane.
Yǐjīng hěn wǎn le, nǐ
It’s late, why is your
怎么还没回
mèimei zěnme háiméi
younger sister not back
来?
huílái?
yet?
已经很晚
了,你妹妹
回
来
huílái
Verb
to come back
今天天气不
错,我们要
天
气
tiānqì
Noun
weather
Jīntiān tiānqì búcuò,
Today’s weather is
不要一起出
wǒmen yào búyào yìqǐ
good, how about go out
门去玩儿?
chūmén qù wánr?
and play?
今天外面很
冷
lěng
Adj
cold
冷,早一点
Jīntiān wàimiàn hěn lěng, It’s really cold outside,
儿回来。
zǎo yìdiǎnr huílái.
come back home early.
天气很热,
热
rè
Adj
hot
我们去游泳
Tiānqì hěn rè, wǒmen qù It’s so hot, let’s go
吧!
yóuyǒng ba!
swimming.
Fàngjià de shíhou, wǒ
During vacation time, I
我的家人去
dōu gēn wǒ de jiārén qù
often go to Japan to ski
日本滑雪。
Rìběn huáxuě.
with my family.
Tiānqì hěn rè de shíhou,
When it’s hot, we all
wǒmen dōu xǐhuan qù
like to go swimming.
放假的时
候,我都跟
滑
雪
游
Verb
huáxuě
yóuyǒng
Object
Noun
to ski
to swim
天气很热的
泳
时候,我们
yóuyǒng.
都喜欢去游
泳。
外面下雪
下
雪
Verb
xiàxuě
Object
to snow
了,真漂
Wàimiàn xiàxuě le, zhēn
It’s snowing outside,
亮。
piàoliang.
it’s very pretty.
今天的天气
不冷也不
舒
服
shūfu
Adj
comfortable
Today is not so cold
热,很舒
Jīntiān de tiānqì bù lěng
and not so warm. It’s
服。
yě bú rè, hěn shūfu.
comfortable.
始学中文
Nǐ shì jǐ suì kāishǐ xué
How old did you start
的?
Zhōngwén de?
to learn Chinese?
你的家人都
Nǐ de jiārén dōu bǐ nǐ gāo Is your family all taller
比你高吗?
ma?
你是几岁开
Measure
岁
高
suì
gāo
word
Adj
year old
high;tall
than you?
为什么你的
那
么
nàme
Conj
so then…
Wèishénme nǐ de
中文说得那
zhōngwén shuō dé nàme
Why do you speak
么好?
hǎo?
Chinese so well?
Nǎge bǐjiào pàng?
Which one is fatter?
哪个比较
胖
pàng
Adj
fat
胖?
弟弟比较
矮
瘦
ǎi
shòu
Adj
Adj
short
thin
My younger brother is
矮。
Dìdì bǐjiào ǎi.
shorter.
瘦的人健康
Shòu de rén jiànkāng
Are thin people
吗?
ma?
healthy?
长。
Nà tiáo lù bù cháng.
That road is not long.
他的头发很
Tā de tóufà hěn cháng
长吗?
ma?
Is his hair very long?
我今天不舒
Wǒ jīntiān bù shūfu, wǒ
I don’t feel well, I think
服,我想我
xiǎng wǒ dĕi qù kàn
I need to see a doctor.
那条路不
长
cháng
Adj
long
头
发
tóufà
Noun
hair
医
生
yīshēng
Noun
doctor
得去看医
yīshēng.
生。
他生病了。
生
病
Verb
shēngbìng
Object
to be sick
He is sick, so he will
所以今天不
Tā shēngbìng le, suǒyǐ
not come to work
来上班。
jīntiān bù lái shàngbān.
today.
我跟我妹妹
今天都不舒
Wǒ gēn wǒ mèimei
服, 所以我
jīntiān dōu bù shūfu,
My younger sister and I
suǒyǐ wǒmen xiàwǔ de
both don’t feel well, so
候就一起去
shíhou jiù yìqǐ qù
we go to see a doctor in
看病了。
kànbìng le.
the afternoon together.
Zhè gè yào měitiān
This medicine has to be
shàngwǔ, zhōngwǔ,
taken once in the
午、晚上都
wǎnshàng dōu yào chī
morning, noon and
要吃一次。
yícì.
night.
们下午的时
看
病
Verb
kànbìng
Object
to see a doctor
这个药每天
上午、中
药
yào
Noun
medicine
我爸爸的身
体不太好,
身
体
shēntǐ
Noun
body, health
Wǒ bàba de shēntǐ bú tài
My dad’s health is in
所以他常常
hǎo, suǒyǐ tā cháng cháng bad condition therefore
生病。
shēngbìng.
he is often sick.
你生病要多
水
果
shuǐguǒ
Noun
fruit
蔬
菜
shūcài
Noun
vegetables
吃点儿水
Nǐ shēngbìng yào duō chī When you are sick, you
果。
diǎnr shuǐguǒ.
should eat more fruit.
谁都喜欢吃
Shéi dōu xǐhuan chī
Everyone likes to eat
蔬菜水果。
shūcài shuǐguǒ.
vegetables and fruit.
Yīyuàn lí wǒ jiā bú jìn,
The hospital is not
交车要一小
zuò gōngjiāochē yào yì
close to my house, it
时。
xiǎoshí.
takes one hour by bus.
Wǒmen hòutiān yào qù
I’m going to travel for
我们后天要
lǚyóu,suǒyǐ wǒ yào
the day after tomorrow,
去旅游,所
qǐngjià.
so I need to take the
医院离我家
不近,坐公
医
院
yīyuàn
请
假
Noun
hospital
Verb
qǐngjià
Object
to take a leave
以我要请
day off.
假。
我有一个弟
一
yī
Noun
one, single
弟。
I have a younger
Wǒ yǒu yíge dìdì.
brother.
Jīntiān yǒu yìdiǎnr lèi.
Today I’m a little tired
人。
Zhè yǒu qī ge rén.
There are seven people.
我每天喝三
Wǒ měitiān hē sān bēi
I drink three cups of
杯咖啡。
kāfēi.
coffee a day.
桌上有一本
Zhuō shàng yǒu yì běn
There is a book on the
书。
shū.
table.
窗下有一只
Chuāng xià yǒu yì zhī
There is a cat under the
猫。
māo.
window.
一
点
儿
今天有一点
yìdiǎnr
Numeral
a little bit, a bit
儿累。
这有七个
七
三
上
下
qī
sān
shàng
xià
Numeral
Numeral
seven
three
Noun/Verb on, on top of
Noun/Verb under, off, leave
我不吃牛
不
九
bù
jiǔ
Adv
Numeral
do not
nine
肉。
Wǒ bù chī niúròu.
I do not eat beef.
我的爸爸有
Wǒ de bàba yǒu jiǔ ge
My dad has nine
九个姐姐。
jiějiě.
sisters.
这件衣服太
了
le
Adv
past tense
贵了。
This piece of clothing
Zhè jiàn yīfu tài guìle.
昨天星期
二
èr
Numeral
two
二。
Yesterday was
Zuótiān xīngqī ‘èr.
我家有五口
五
wǔ
Numeral
five
人。
is too expensive.
Tuesday.
My family has five
Wǒjiā yǒu wǔ kǒu rén.
people.
你是挪威人
人
rén
Noun
people, person
吗?
Nǐ shì Nuówēi rén ma?
Are you Norwegian?
shénme
Adj/Adv
what
这是什么?
Zhè shì shénme?
What is this?
什
么
会
huì
Verb
to be able to, can do
儿
子
八
六
写
érzi
bā
liù
xiě
Noun
Numeral
Numeral
Verb
son
eight
six
to write
我会说一点
Wǒ huì shuō yìdiǎnr
I can speak a little
儿汉语。
hànyǔ.
Chinese.
我的儿子叫
Wǒ de érzi jiào wáng
My son is called Wang
王阳。
yáng。
Yang.
我有八本中
Wǒ yǒu bā běn
I have eight Chinese
文书。
zhōngwén shū.
books.
中国人喜欢
Zhōngguó rén xǐhuan
Chinese people like the
数字六。
shùzì liù.
number six.
我会写我的
Wǒ huì xiě wǒ de
I can write my Chinese
中文名字。
zhōngwén míngzì.
name.
你要几个苹
几
jǐ
Adj
a few
前
面
qiánmiàn
Noun
front, frontside
How many apples do
果?
Nǐ yào jǐ gè píngguǒ?
我家前面是
Wǒjiā qiánmiàn shì kāfēi There’s a coffee shop
咖啡店。
diàn.
you want?
in front of my house.
一瓶水十
十
去
shí
qù
Numeral
Verb
ten
to go
A bottle of water is ten
元。
Yì píng shuǐ shí yuán.
yuan.
昨天我没去
Zuótiān wǒ méi qù
Yesterday, I didn’t go
学校。
xuéxiào.
to school.
我的鞋是二
号
hào
Noun
十四号。
Wǒ de xié shì èrshísì hào. twenty-four.
学校后面是
Xuéxiào hòumiàn shì
There’s a mountain
behind, backside
山。
shān.
behind the school.
Do you?Is that?
你好吗?
Nǐ hǎo ma?
How are you?
Wǒ xǐhuan tīng yīnyuè.
I like to listen to music.
number
后
面
hòumiàn
Adj
My shoes are size
Question
吗
ma
Particle
我喜欢听音
听
tīng
Verb
to listen, to hear
我要喝咖
Question
呢
ne
Particle
哪
nǎ
Question
乐。
which
I want to drink coffee,
啡,你呢?
Wǒ yào hē kāfēi, nǐ ne?
how about you?
哪杯咖啡?
Nǎ bēi kāfēi?
Which cup of coffee?
pronoun
你想把画挂
Where do you want to
哪
儿
四
回
nǎ’er
sì
huí
Adj/Adv
Noun
Verb
where
four
to go back, to return
在哪儿?我
Nǐ xiǎng bǎ huà guà zài
hang the painting? I
想把画挂在
nǎr?Wǒ xiǎng bǎ huà
want to hang the
这儿。
guà zài zhèr.
painting here.
中国人不喜
Zhōngguó rén bù xǐhuān
Chinese people do not
欢数字四。
shùzì sì.
like the number four.
我晚上九点
Wǒ wǎnshàng jiǔ diǎn
I go home at nine
回家。
huí jiā.
o’clock.
我有时候会
在
zài
Adj/Adv
in
多
Sometimes I will stay
待在图书馆
Wǒ yǒu shíhou huì dāi
in the library and read
里看书。
zài túshūguǎn lǐ kànshū.
books.
这个多少
少
duōshǎo
Phrase
How many
钱?
Zhè gè duōshǎo qián?
How much is this?
太
tài
Adj
too (as in too many)
这件衣服太
Zhè jiàn yīfú tài guìle.
This piece of clothing
贵了。
is too expensive.
她的手机很
她
tā
Pronoun
she, her
好。
Her cell phone is very
Tā de shǒujī hěn hǎo.
good.
It’s not too difficult to
写汉字不太
字
小
zì
xiǎo
Noun
Adj
word, character
small
小
姐
难。
Xiě hànzì bù tài nán.
characters.
我要小杯的
Wǒ yào xiǎo bēi de
I want a small cup of
绿茶。
lǜchá.
green tea.
好。
Zhāng xiǎojiě, nín hǎo.
Hello, Miss Zhang.
我的工作是
Wǒ de gōngzuò shì
医生。
yīshēng.
张小姐,您
xiǎojiě
Noun
Miss, Ms.
工
作
write Chinese
gōngzuò
Noun/Verb work, to work, job
今年是羊
I work as a doctor.
This is the year of the
年
nián
Noun
year
年。
Jīnnián shì yáng nián.
sheep.
很
hěn
Adj
very, quite
我今天很
Wǒ jīntiān hěn lèi.
I’m so tired today.
累。
怎
今天晚餐吃
么
样
zěnmeyàng
Phrase
how’s this? how is it?
牛肉,怎么
Jīntiān wǎncān chī
dinner tonight, shall
how about that?
样?
niúròu, zěnmeyàng?
we?
Wǒmen shì jiěmèi.
We are sisters.
候,我去新
Qī yuè de shíhòu, wǒ qù
In July, I’ll go to
加坡。
xīnjiāpō.
Singapore.
他有很多法
Tā yǒu hěnduō Fǎguó
He has a lot of French
国朋友。
péngyǒu.
friends.
这是一本旅
Zhè shì yī běn lǚyóu
This is a travel
游杂志。
zázhì.
magazine.
我
们
Let’s have beef for
我们是姐
wǒmen
Pronoun
we, us
妹。
七月的时
时
候
有
本
when (we were doing
shíhòu
yǒu
běn
Phrase
sth…), at the time
Verb
to have, to own
Measure
measure word for
word
books
没
有
我没有妹
méiyǒu
Verb
to not have, don’t have
妹。
I don’t have a younger
Wǒ méiyǒu mèimei.
sister.
点
diǎn
Noun
point, o’clock
电
视
diànshì
Noun
television, TV
de
Adj/Adv
belonging to
米
饭
Xiànzài shì wǔ diǎn shí
It’s ten past five
十分。
fēn.
o’clock now.
我家没电
of, possessive,
的
现在是五点
视。
My house doesn’t have
Wǒjiā méi diànshì.
a TV.
Tā de míngzi shì Mǎlì.
Her name is Mary.
Wǒ xǐhuān chī mǐfàn.
I like to eat rice.
口味的甜
Wǒ xǐhuan píngguǒ
I like apple flavor
食。
kǒuwèi de tiánshí.
sweets.
读中文书不
Dú zhōngwén shū bù tài
It’s not too hard to read
太难。
nán.
Chinese books.
Zhè shì wǒ māmā.
This is my mother.
她的名字是
玛丽。
我喜欢吃米
mǐfàn
Noun
rice
饭。
我喜欢苹果
苹
果
读
píngguǒ
dú
Noun
Verb
apple
to read
这是我妈
这
zhè
Adj
this
妈。
都
里
dōu
lǐ
Adj/Adv
Adj
all, every
in, inside
饭
店
fàndiàn
Noun
restaurant
他们都是我
Tāmen dōu shì wǒ de
的朋友。
péngyǒu.
They are all my friends.
我的包里有
Wǒ de bāo li yǒuyī píng
There’s a bottle of
一瓶水。
shuǐ.
water in my bag.
这是一间新
Zhè shì yī jiàn xīn kāi de
This is a newly opened
开的饭店。
fàndiàn.
hotel.
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