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BING NEWS ITEM TEXT

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News Item
Text
GROUP 2
Group Members
02
08
14
Alexis Rachel
Maria
Chiara Fathinah
Rachman
Khonsa
Khoirunnisa
20
22
30
Muhammad Najih
Aflah
Muhammad
Zahir
Sarah Dwi
Aliya
Definition
News item is a text which informs readers about events of the
day. The events are considered newsworthy or important.
It means if there is an important event
that should be known by many
people, then this event deserves
news. Well, the news text is called the
news item text.
However, if there are events that
people do not deserve, then they
are not definitely worth to be
news.
FUNCTIONS OF NEWS ITEM TEXT
To inform the readers about
newsworthy or important events of
the day.
To inform readers or listeners
about events of the day which are
considered newsworthy or
important.
To present information the readers
about newsworthy or important
events of the day.
STRUCTURE
NEWS ITEM TEXT
1. Main Events /
Newsworthy event(s)
2. Elaboration /
Background event(s)
3. Resource of
Information (source)
Summary of the
event(s).
Elaboration of what
happened, who’s
involved, where and
how the event(s)
happened.
Official statement from
expert or authorities,
comments from any
witnesses on the event
to strengthen the
validity of the news.
Language Features
Past Tense
To explain news events that occurred
in the past and have ended in the past.
Ex: People heard the explosion
three times.
Short Information about the
text captured in Headline
The headline needed to show factual
information about the news.
Ex: Indonesian Maid
Beheaded in Saudi Arabia
Using Passive Sentences
Passive sentence is a sentence where
the subject is acted upon by the verb.
Ex: The robbery was seen by a few
pedestrians.
Using Simple
Present Tense
To present facts or events
that are still happening.
Ex: The warehouse size is
6 x 6 meters.
Language Features
Using Saying Verbs
Using Adverbs
Verbs such as say or ask which we
typically use to report what someone said.
Ex: Said, informed, told, reported.
Adverb is an auxiliary word that
provide additional information about
a verb, adjective, or the adverb itself.
Using Action Verbs
Verbs that expresses
physical or mental action.
Ex: The car crashed to a tree
nearby (physical verb). She
noticed the man standing in
front of her (mental verb).
Example:
• The rain poured heavily.
(Adverbs of manner)
• In Jakarta, people celebrated
the new year with family.
(Adverbs of place)
• The bridge had been
abandoned since 2019.
(Adverbs of time)
Difference Between News Item Text and
Explanation Text
PURPOSE
GENERIC STRUCTURE
News Item
Text
To inform the readers about
newsworthy or important events of
the day
1. Main Events/ Newsworthy event
2. Elaboration/ Background event
3. Resource of information
Explanation
Text
1. To explain how or why something
happens
2. To tell processes relating to
forming of natural, social, scientific,
and cultural phenomena.
1. General statement
2. Sequenced of explanation
Difference Between News Item Text and
Explanation Text
GENERIC STRUCTURE
News Item Text
- Focusing on circumstances
- Using saying verbs
- Using past tense in explaining news events. But if it is a
fact that until now still happen or still in the form of fact,
then can use simple present tense.
Explanation Text
- Using simple present tense
- Using abstract noun
- Using passive voice
- Using action verbs
- Containing explanation of the process
TEXT 1
A Warehouse at Police Headquarters in Semarang Exploded
A bomb warehouse at the police headquarters in Semarang exploded around 07:00 am
up to 08:00 am. 44 houses damaged and the head of Gegana was wounded because of
the explosion.
People heard the explosion three times. They thought that it was a tire explosion. The
third explosion was the loudest. People went outside the house after the third explosion.
The explosion happened in warehouse at the police headquarters in Semarang. The
cause of the explosion is still mysterious.
One of the people said that he thought that it was a tire explosion but the third was the
loudest. Then, he runs out of the house to save his life.
The head of the police said that the explosion happened around 07:00 am to 08:00 am.
He added that the warehouse is the place to keep a variety of military bombs. The
warehouse size is 6 x 6 meters. The cause of the explosion is still under investigation.
TEXT 2
Jakarta hit by deadly flooding
The flooding, caused by days of heavy rain at Jakarta, has blocked roads and forced
businesses in the capital to close. The governor of Jakarta has declared a state of
emergency. He also said he was committed to making a "breakthrough" in efforts to
tackle the flooding. Jakarta resident, Wildan, urged the government to do more to stop
floods in future. "The dams are no longer sufficient to hold the water," he said.
Yayat Supriatna, an urban planning expert, told the BBC that Jakarta's drainage system
"is still the same as it was in the Dutch colonial era" and should be rebuilt. "The floods
are caused by the failure to manage and sustain the rivers as water reservoirs. I
suggest the governor dredge the rivers because if the rivers are deeper the better [the
system] will function."
The Jakarta Post said two of the people killed in the capital were children, aged 13 and
two. State funds are available to help those affected by the flooding following the
declaration of the state of emergency, which will remain in effect until 27 January.
TEXT 3
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Pandemic
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered
coronavirus. Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to
moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people,
and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic
respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is be well informed about the COVID19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from
infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching
your face. The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge
from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also
practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).
At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are
many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide
updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR
ATTENTION
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