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Kemenristekdikti-Mempersiapkan-SDM-Indonesia-di-Era-Industri-4.0(1)

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Mempersiapkan SDM Indonesia
di Era Industri 4.0
Kementerian Riset, Teknologi dan Pendidikan Tinggi
2018
Potensi Ekonomi
INDONESIA
>261 Juta
Ke-7 Dunia
Tahun 2030
Ke-4 Dunia
Tahun 2050
POPULASI
EKONOMI
EKONOMI
Bonus Demografi
McKinsey Global Institute,
2012
Pricewaterhouse Coopers
(PwC), 2017
Strategi: Rekayasa Sosial  pendidikan tinggi
Misi Kemenristekdikti:
Meningkatkan akses, relevansi, dan mutu Pendidikan Tinggi untuk
menghasilkan SDM yang berkualitas, serta meningkatkan
kemampuan iptek dan inovasi untuk mendukung daya saing bangsa
Photo Credit: Azhar Abidi. Online image. Flickr. 15 Dec 2017. https://flic.kr/p/f2S8ek
2
Table 1. Number of HEIs
in IndonesiaTinggi
(as of Maydi2018)
Perguruan
Indonesia
HEIs
HEIs with
religious
affiliation
HEIs
under
other
ministries
Total
Higher education
institution
Public Private
Total
123
3,130
3,253
109
1,062
1,171
183
0
183
Lecturers
Public
73,090
15,171
9,683
per Mei 2018
Study programs
Private
171,583
14,049
Total
244,673
29,220
Public
6,947
2,443
0
9,683
731
Private
14,150
2,965
415
4,192
4,607
97,944 Institution
10,121
17,115
185,632 Distribution
283,576 by
Picture
3: Higher
Education
Provinces
Students
Total
21,097
5,408
Public
2,554,382
454,931
731
173,572
27,236
3,182,885
Private
4,710,729
495,149
Total
7,265,111
950.080
173,572
5,205,878
8,388,763
Penggerak
Rekayasa
Sosial
Indonesia
Era RI 4.0 dan selanjutnya: 75%
pekerjaan melibatkan kemampuan sains,
teknologi, teknik dan matematika, internet
of things, pembelajaran sepanjang hayat
Revolusi berbasis Cyber Physical
System, gabungan antara domain
digital, fisik, dan biologi.
(Klaus Schwab, 2017)
(Zimmerman, 2018)
REVOLUSI INDUSTRI 4.0: TECHNOLOGY DISRUPTION

NEW CULTURE
► >55 % organisasi menyatakan bahwa digital
talent gap semakin lebar (LinkedIn, 2017).
► Indonesia perlu meningkatkan kualitas
keterampilan tenaga kerja dengan teknologi
digital (Parray, ILO, 2017).
► Semakin pentingnya kecakapan sosial (social
skills) dalam bekerja (The Economist, 2017).
REVOLUSI INDUSTRI 4.0: TECHNOLOGY DISRUPTION
 NEW CULTURE
Human Machine
communication
3D Printer
Connection:
global village
Driverless car
Smart Robot
Internet of Things
Big Data
Online/virtual education
Kebijakan
PENDIDIKAN TINGGI
Era Revolusi Industri 4.0
Manajemen
Kemahasiswaan
Revolusi
Mental
Tri Dharma
Perguruan
TInggi
Paradigma Tri Darma Perguruan
Tinggi harus diselaraskan
dengan era industri 4.0
• 3 Literasi baru: digital,
teknologi dan human
• Kegiatan ekstra kurikuler
untuk pengembangan
kepemimpinan dan bekerja
dalam tim
• Entrepreneurship dan
internship agar diwajibkan.
Pendidikan Sepanjang Hayat
PT menyiapkan pendidikan
sepanjang hayat – reskilling
- upskilling
Internasionalisasi dan konektivitas
Paradigma Tri Darma Perguruan Tinggi
harus diselaraskan dengan era industri 4.0
1. Kerangka Kualifikasi Nasional Indonesia – Capaian Pembelajaran
dan Kompetensi Kerja
2. Kurikulum Pendidikan Tinggi: Integrasi keterampilan baru dalam
kurikulum tanpa menambah mata kuliah atau SKS
3. Pembelajaran Inovatif yang berkesinambungan dengan penelitian
dan inovasi
4. Pembelajaran Daring: mata kuliah daring, program studi jarak jauh
5. Kemitraan dengan industri: internship, lab/bengkel, teaching
factory/industry
6. Model bisnis pendidikan yang baru
1.
KKNI, Jenis
Pendidikan
Tinggi dan
dunia
kerja
Standar Nasional Pendidikan Tinggi
2. Kurikulum Pendidikan Tinggi
– pendidikan dan pedagogi jaman NOW
....is characterized by rich, crossinstitutional, cross-cultural educational
opportunities within which the learners
themselves play a key role as creators of
knowledge artifacts that are shared, and
where social networking and social benefits
outside the immediate scope of activity play
a strong role.....
Pedagogy is leading people to a place
where they can learn for themselves.
It is about creating environments and
situations where people can draw out
from within themselves, and hone the
abilities they already have, to create
their own knowledge, interpret the
world in their own unique ways, and
ultimately realize their full potential as
human beings
(Wheelers, 2011)
Play
Learn
Pendidikan
dan
Pedagogi
jaman
NOW
Play
Job
Retire
Learn
Job
2. Kurikulum Pendidikan tinggi … keterampilan baru
Internet of
Things
Integrasi ke dalam
kurikulum tanpa
menambah mata kuliah
atau beban studi
Artificial
Intelligence
E-commerce
Big Data
Robotics
Augmented
Reality
Computing
Additive
Manufacturing
3D Printing
Nanotech
& Biotech
Genetic
Editing
Cloud
Coding
Co-extra
curricular
Cognitive
Skills
General
Education
Data Literacy•
Technology Literacy•
Human Literacy•
New
Literacies
Critical thinking
Entrepreneurship
Lifelong
Learning
3. Pembelajaran – Penelitian - Inovasi
innovative
4. Pembelajaran
Dalam Jaringan
1. Learning is open
2. Learning is social
3. Learning is personal
4. Learning is augmented
5. Learning is multirepresented
6. Learning is mobile
dapat dialihkreditkan,
berfokus pada
pengembangan
keterampilan
The future is now....
5. Kemitraan dengan Industri
Industri
otomotif
Jala IPAM untuk
kentang french fries
Kerjasama Riset
UI, UNPAD,
UNLAM dengan
PT Martina Berto
Teaching industry
Industri kreatif
6. Model Bisnis Pendidikan yang baru
Pembelajaran Daring
- retail: mata kuliah, paket kompetensi
- wholesale: program studi
- Sertifikasi/ijasah
Blockchain dalam pendidikan
- retail: mata kuliah, paket kompetensi
- rekognisi hasil belajar lampau
- sertifikasi
Internasionalisasi dan konektivitas
1. Akreditasi Nasional dan Internasional: BAN-PT, AUN, AACSB, ABET,
dll.
2. World Class University:
• UI
292
• ITB
359
• UGM
391
• Unpad
651-700
• IPB
701-750
• Unair
751-800
• Undip
801-1000
• ITS
801-1000
• UB
801-1000
Kriteria Penilaian
1. Reputasi akademik (40%)
2. Reputasi lulusan (10%)
3. Rasio dosen dan mahasiswa
(20%)
4. Kutipan jurnal ilmiah (20%)
5. Dosen internasional (5%)
6. Mahasiswa Internasional
(5%)
Internasionalisasi dan konektivitas
International Collaboration: joint program, double degree, collaborative
research, collaborative publications, collaborative innovation
Internasionalisasi dan konektivitas
1. PTLN: perguruan tinggi luar negeri beroprerasi (commercial presence)
di Indonesia
•
PT LN yang berkualitas hadir di Indonesia menjadi benchmark bagi PTDN
•
Menghemat biaya pendidikan dan mengurangi devisa ke LN (menghindari
capital flight)
•
Sertifikasi internasional  link & match dengan industri, kebutuhan
nasional/internasional
•
Kolaborasi, pemanfaatan fasilitas bersama
2. Perguruan tinggi Indonesia beroperasi (commercial presence) di luar
negeri  Univ Binus di Qatar
Pengembangan Karakter Bangsa
religius
Olah Pikir
nasionalis
cerdas
Olah
Rasa/
Karsa
Olah
Hati
tangguh
Mandiri
Olah Raga
Jujur dan berIntegritas
Peduli
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjoDEQqyTig
Indonesia harus jadi pemenang,
tidak hanya mengejar
ketertinggalan
[email protected]
[email protected]
Paulina Pannen, is an expert in higher education, e-learning, distance education, educational technology and
curriculum development. She earned her Doctoral degree in Educational Technology from Syracuse
University, USA. She has over 30 years of experience in national and international education, including her
tenure as director of the Regional Open Learning Center of the Southeast Asia Ministers of Education
Organization (SEAMEO SEAMOLEC), Vice Rector of Academics and Student Affairs at Universitas Siswa
Bangsa International, Dean of Faculty of Education at Universitas Terbuka, chairman of several task forces on
higher education quality development and improvement programs under the auspices of DGHE, including the
development of the Indonesian MOOCs, writes in scholarly journals, and speaks at national and international
education forums. Currently she is working as Senior Adviser on Academics to the Minister of Research,
Technology and Higher Education.
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